The Port of Houston Authority was targeted in a cybersecurity attack in August, believed to have originated from a nation-state actor.
According to a US Coast Guard report, unidentified hackers accessed a web server on Port Houston premises on 19 August.
“Port Houston followed its Facilities Security Plan in doing so, as guided under the Maritime Transportation Security Act (MTSA), and no operational data or systems were impacted as a result,” the port wrote in a statement.
The breach at Houston highlighted a vulnerability of software platform ManageEngine – which is used for password management and single sign-on – to the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) at the US Department of Homeland Security.
During a Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee meeting, Director Jen Easterly, said that CISA worked with the US Coast Guard on the ManageEngine vulnerability at the Port of Houston, believing the attack was the work of a nation-state actor.
Easterly said, “We worked with the US Coast Guard on a vulnerability at the Port of Houston and found out about this.
“We work with our FBI partners and our Coast Guard partners to better understand that vulnerability and then to be able to get that information out to see whether, in fact, we saw the same vulnerability across the federal cyber ecosystem and in our critical infrastructure partners.”
In 2020, security firm Naval Dome said that reported cyber-attacks had risen by a staggering 900% since 2017.
In 2021, online systems continue to be rocked by cyber-attacks. Ports and shipping stakeholders ranging from liner HMM to South African port infrastructure owner Transnet have been impacted by IT disruptions, stalling operations and risking financial and data loss.