Singapore’s Mega Terminals: Analyzing Battery-Powered Vehicles



Dr. Ma Ning, Doctorial Research Fellow, and Dr. Zhou Chenhao, Assistant Professor (Research), National University of Singapore, Singapore


The growing increase of fossil fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions around the world are causing concern among people and governments. Singapore has introduced a tax on the carbon emissions of industrial facilities which began on January 1, 2019. This was aimed at maintaining a high-quality living environment. The Maritime Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) has introduced the ‘Green Port Programme’ under the Maritime Singapore Green Initiative, which aims to promote clean and green shipping in Singapore by adopting shipping practices over and above the minimum required by IMO Conventions.

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