Growth slows for retail as supply chain disruptions continue

Aerial shot of an intermodal train and trucking distribution yard the city of Vernon, California. This is an industrial area surrounded by the City of Los Angeles, made up of factories, warehouses and meatpacking plants.

Year-over-year growth is slipping from double-digit to single-digit as as pandemic-related supply chain disruptions around the world continue, according to the monthly Global Port Tracker report released today by the National Retail Federation (NRF) and Hackett Associates.

Growth is no longer as dramatic as it was earlier in 2021 because the report is now comparing against months when most stores were closed by the pandemic in 2020.

“We expected that,” said NRF Vice President for Supply Chain and Customs Policy Jonathan Gold. “But we’re seeing issues ranging from port closures in Asia to ships lined up waiting to dock at US ports. That’s creating continuing challenges as retailers work to supply enough inventory to meet demand. The administration’s recent appointment of a supply chain task force and a port envoy are major steps forward, and we look forward to working with officials to find solutions.”

“Supply chain logistics management is facing acute problems as disruptions make it difficult for both importers and exporters to transact their business,” Hackett Associates Founder Ben Hackett said.

“We are facing shortages in all sectors of the chain: a lack of sufficient shipping capacity, which leads to increases in the cost of shipment; lack of warehousing; lack of truck and rail capacity, and a shortage of labor across the board.”

US Ports

U.S. ports covered by Global Port Tracker handled 2.19 million TEU in July, the latest month for which final numbers are available. That was up 2 percent from June and up 14.2 percent from a year earlier. A TEU is one 20-foot container or its equivalent.

At the time of the report’s release, ports had not reported August numbers, but Global Port Tracker projected the month at 2.27 million TEU, which would be up 7.8% year-over-year.

That would be the busiest August on record said the NRF. But it would fall short of the 2.37 million TEU forecast for August a month ago, which would have broken May’s record of 2.33 million TEU for the largest number of containers imported during a single month since NRF began tracking imports in 2002.

With two dozen ships waiting as long as a week or more at anchor to unload at the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach recently, some cargo anticipated in August may have been delayed into September. And with some sailings from Asia delayed by COVD-19 disruptions there, some cargo could arrive later in the fall than previously expected.

Peak season begins

August is the beginning of the “peak season” when retailers stock up on holiday merchandise each year, and many retailers were trying to move up shipments this year to ensure that sufficient inventory will be available during the holidays.

September is forecast at 2.21 million TEU, which would be up 5.1 percent year-over-year; October at 2.19 million TEU, down 1.3 percent for the first year-over-year decline since July 2020; November at 2.13 million TEU, up 1.4 percent, and December at 2.07 million TEU, down 1.8 percent. January 2022 is forecast at 2.15 million TEU, up 4.5 percent from January 2021.

The first half of 2021 totaled 12.8 million TEU, up 35.6 percent from the same period last year. For the full year, 2021 is on track to total 25.9 million TEU, up 17.6 percent over 2020 and a new annual record topping last year’s 22 million TEU. Cargo imports during 2020 were up 1.9 percent over 2019 despite the pandemic.

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