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Author(s): Daniel Reiss, President; and Dr Joseph H. Discenza, Ph.D., Automated Terminal Systems, Virginia, USA

With the increase in vessel sizes, terminal operators have finally realised that they will no longer be able to handle mega-ships in an efficient and economical manner without some level of automation. Some operators have sought to meet this challenge by ‘automating’ specific portions of their operations; adding CCD-TV, GPS devices, sensors and automatic steering to RTG cranes and straddle carriers.

Automated Guided Vehicles [AGVs] have been elaborated and even gate systems have become more complex. Others have ‘gone-all-in’ and adopted versions of a RMG system based on a design introduced by HHLA at Altenwerder. However, even the most automated terminals that have come online have not fulfi lled expectati ons of lower operating costs and increased berth and yard efficiency…

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Featured in the Edition:

The Journal of Ports & Terminals – Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016

PTI Edition 72 • Digital & Print
Edition 72 is a special hardback collector's edition collating the Top 30 Papers from 2014-2016, covering cutting-edge automation, mega-ship challenges and supply chain trends. Chosen from PTI's library of over 1,400 technical papers, the top 30 have been chosen based on their popularity with our readers in terms of downloads, views and shares.