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The Bulk Issue

Edition 71 is a special edition which features Technical Papers on the bulk sector, as well as the technological trends currently taking place within port and terminal automation, and supersized container shipping. Top contributors include Rolls Royce, Drewry and TBA.

Papers in this edition:


How To Reduce Your Demurrage Bill

Cirrus Logistics provides ports and terminals with applications and services that optimise the vessel call process, increase terminal throughput, and make the best use of available infrastructure and resources. This paper has been written to introduce an approach to vessel planning and scheduling that can return million-dollar savings per terminal per year.For supply chains that involve the chartering of vessels, demurrage is seen by many organisations as an inevitability of moving cargoes.

The Best New Technology in Unloading Hoppers

Docksolid Bulk Port Equipment is a range of mechanical handling solutions for port terminals handling grains, coal, minerals, cement, fertilisers, powders or other dry bulk commodities. The brand includes extremely robust and reliable ship unloading systems, with a focus on flexibility of use and highly manoeuvrable mobile equipment.

VTS in The Age of Digital Information

Transas is a developer and supplier of a wide range of IT solutions for the marine industry. Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) are intended to provide enhanced safety of navigation and increase the efficiency of port operations. Modern VTS possess highly accurate and reliable information about all operations within the port and approaches to the port.

The Greenest Bulk Operations: A Chilean Port Revolution

Codelco, the largest copper producing company in the world has revolutionised the mining logistics of copper concentrate. It has re-engineered bulk handling, using a completely sealed zero material loss system from the mine to the hatch of the ship at Puerto Angamos in Mejillones, Chile.

Load Spreading and Sea Fastening

Circa 1760, the rise of the Industrial Age in Great Britain was primarily characterised by power driven technology that replaced hand operated tools. These technologies included the steam engine, which gave rise to locomotives, steamboats, and by1815, the golden age of massive ocean transportation vessels. In turn, these advancements enabled the worldwide transportation of the proliferation of manufactured goods via global waterways

The Effect of Mega-Ships – Cranes and Infrastructure

Liftech Consultants Inc. is a consulting engineering firm, founded in 1964, with special expertise in the design and procurement of dockside container handling cranes and other complex structures. Our experience includes structural design for wharves and wharf structures, heavy lift structures, buildings, container yard structures, and container handling equipment. Our national and international clients include owners, engineers, operators, manufacturers, and riggers.

Q&A: Jeff Main

Port Technology does a Q&A with Jeff Main from Bollard Load Testing Ltd (BLT), discussing the importance of bollard load testing. The Bollard Load Testing equipment is the result of over two years research, development and testing by our marine engineering specialists who have designed a fully calibrated, and easily deployable way of testing the strength of marine bollards.

The Smart Ship: The Future of Maritime Intelligence

Innovative Marine is a premier manufacturer in the aquatics industry focused on the development, production, and distribution of speciality equipment and supplies. As disruptive as the smart phone, the smart ship will revolutionise the landscape of ship design and operations, redefining the maritime industry and the roles of the players in it; with implications for shipping companies, shipbuilders and maritime systems providers, as well as technology companies from other sectors.

Quay Crane Cracks: An Investigation

This paper looks into the issue of premature cracks appearing in container crane booms and girder structures in the TIS container terminal, Ukraine. At first sight, a possible reason for the problem might be using a grab for coal unloading, when the crane structural design was not created with this purpose. In order to check this hypothesis, we have measured stress fluctuation in the critical elements of the crane when operating with spreader and grab. After this, a comparison of the obtained results could be completed.

Virtual Reality: Central to Maritime Training

The IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) is the world’s leading organization for the preparation and publication of International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies. In this paper Morand Fachot discusses maritime application for Virtual Reality technology. What is often seen as a novelty has been used for decades.

Bringing Training To The Terminal Industry

TBA's vision is to improve the cost efficiency and productivity of container and bulk terminals world-wide through consultancy and software, in this paper the Managing Director, Yvo Saanen, discusses the training of staff of maritime terminals, ranging from truck drivers, dispatchers, and planners, to shift managers and terminal management. A large portfolio of different types of training has been developed, to suit the needs of the market.

New Suez Canal Project: A Logistics Journey

IADC is the forum for all oil and gas drilling industry stakeholders to connect, in this paper René Kolman discusses the New Suez Canal Project, it was aimed at improving the country’s economy. The second lane would reduce waiting times for transiting ships, facilitate traffic in two directions and increase the number of ships allowed in the waterway. SCA expects revenues to increase from US$5.3 billion at present to US$13.2 billion by 2023 due to the additional lane.

Automated Freight Terminals: The Next Step

About 62% of a vessel’s time in port is relative to operation time, the rest reserved for services, berthing and transit in port. The growth of vessels and the number of movements has led to a huge need to manage operations in a different way, with an integrated view of all equipment, using operational research, intelligent data analysis, and data mining techniques, with quite complex algorithms based on artificial intelligence.

Anti-collision Measures

Investments in crane technology could be said to fall into two broad, and sometimes overlapping, categories: those that enhance productivity and those that prevent accidents. There are sound arguments why operators should invest in anti-collision technology.

Full Digitalization: An Optimised Supply Chain

Due to process characteristics and complexity, freight transport faces many challenges during day-to-day business; specifically, logistics operators are currently facing several challenges such as increasing cargo volumes and security demands that put additional burden on them. Technologically wise, the Internet of Things paradigm applied to the transport and logistics sector allows freight to be sensed and controlled remotely, with logistics operators able to automate and digitalise their operations.

Operational TOS Excellence: Defining the ‘New Normal’

Historically, terminal operating system (TOS) implementations have been seen as ‘just another’ IT project, leaving the terminal operator at the behest of the TOS supplier. Next generation TOS implementation must embrace a new approach that moves the emphasis from IT implementation to a business solution.

New Frontier: Big Data & the Impact on the Supply Chain

Modern business moves at the speed of light, and as part of that, access to timely and accurate data is critical. The ability to automate not only the collection of, but also, the analysis of the massive amounts of information processed on a daily basis, allows organisations to make business decisions based on facts, rather than antiquated processes or unreliable intuition and gut instincts. The pay-off of business intelligence (BI) and the optimised decision-making that Big Data can empower has real impact.

Antwerp: Specialist Dry Bulk Hotspot

To stand out from the competition in the world market, companies must be able to call upon a sustainable, flexible, efficient and most of all, innovative supply chain in which all links play an effective role. The Port of Antwerp is an example of a crucial link in the supply chain.

Green Bulk Loading and Transportation

It is clear that ports have a responsibility toward their environment and that port governance necessary should take care of effective logistics and operations. While in the past, the environmental safeguard was not an issue; nowadays ports worldwide consider the prevention of pollution a first objective, especially with import/export of dry bulk cargo (coal, grain, iron ore, fertilizer, etcetera). In this case, the risk of spillage and dust production is very critical.

Utilising KPI’s – Optimising Bulk Terminal Performance

Most organisations use some kind of Key Performance Indicators (KPI’s) to manage their business even if they are only measuring the financial aspects reflected in the profit and loss figures. The manufacturing sector has been using KPIs as a means to measure and improve productivity for many years.

A Special Grab For Every Type of Bulk Material

For the production of all goods and energy, raw materials are the basic ingredient. Therefore, raw materials are shipped in large quantities worldwide. All materials have their own properties and for fast and efficient handling, specific grab solutions are required.

Siwertell Coal Unloader for China

Siwertell is well established as a supplier of high capacity screw-type unloaders to the power generation industry. Its most recent delivery in this sector was to Zhongshan Thermal Power Company Ltd, part of the Guangdong GHD Group.

A Global Logistics Data Backbone

A recent overall study of the current logistics process makes it clear that all parties involved are developing activities and implement changes to make their own part of the logistics process as good as possible but with that they miss the total picture. In general, shippers demand better supply chain management and improved end-to-end chain visibility. To support that demand, a global logistic data backbone is currently in development.

EU Port Statistics Ten-T Regulations

The importance of having reliable and accurate statistical data is crucial in all economic and social sectors. In the port area, until a few years ago, the most important data was that released by ports or port authorities. The reason for this lies in the fact that ports provide the data on punctuality and speed, usually one or two months after the end of a year.In Europe, Eurostat collect, process and disseminate statistical data for ports.It does this through the cooperation of the National Statistical Institutes of the EU Member States.

Are Large Bulkers More Oversupplied?

Cargo movement shifts from one segment to another rather easily (except in some cases when cargo size and draft restrictions at ports play a role) in the dry bulk market compared to other sectors. So, an oversupply in one segment trickles down to other segments rather easily. Therefore, an oversupplied Capesize market will, in turn, impact Panamaxes in the long run, which will further go down to smaller segments.

China’s One Belt One Road

China has proposed a new silk route, commonly referred to as ‘One Belt One Road’ (OBOR). What does it mean, what are its consequences and what does it mean for the European ports system? This article will provide some answers to these questions. It will also provide some recommendations for European policy-makers. What is needed is a real reflection on the EU ports system. Which ports are needed for which amounts of cargo and which types of ships; which investments are needed where, and equally important: where not to invest? OBOR provides a unique opportunity to reflect on creating more focus, coherence and value in the European ports system.

Dry Bulk Shipping Market Overview and Outlook 2016

In the early aftermath of Brexit, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) published its new World Economic Outlook (WEO), where the organisation revised its previous growth forecast published in April. The global growth outlook for 2016 and 2017 has been reduced and according to the IMF, the deterioration reflects the uncertainty of Brexit’s economic consequences. The IMF does not expect he combined growth for the emerging markets and developing economies to be affected. Their projection remains at the same levels as in the April WEO – a growth of 4.1% in 2016 and 4.6% in 2017. As the emerging markets rely on commodities as their main trade, this will not add to the headache for the currently depressed dry bulk shipping industry.