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Edition 57

With TOC Asia fast approaching, PTI's 57th issue heads to the Far East and discusses the economic and political factors that have spurred port development in the region. We also chat to the president of the Busan Port Authority and the progress the port has made in his tenure, and, staying in Busan, we take an exclusive look at BNCT – Asia's first vertical-automated terminal.

Papers in this edition:

Web-based solutions for port community systems

Today ports, pilots and maritime authorities can choose from many mobile, web-based applications with which to run their businesses. Still, some sectors of the maritime industry have not, when compared to other industries, been early adopters of new technology. Many ports still operate with legacy systems and manual processes, yet wish to define themselves as the hub of a modern port community system (PCS). Web-based technologies offer the technical infrastructure to do this.

Container weighing service to shipping lines

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) is expected to make the weighing of sea containers mandatory. The purpose is to make the entire container supply chain safer. This regulation is expected to be issued through the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS Convention) as a result of a number of accidents involving container losses and container stack collapses. The existing SOLAS regulation already obliges shippers to declare the correct container weights, but this is not always done. The new regulation is likely to require specifically that the container is actually weighed or calculated by reference to the contents, packing and securing materials and the tare weight of the container itself. Importantly, however, the regulation is anticipated to forbid the loading of containers unless the verified gross mass is available to the terminal and the ship’s master.

Seasnake: A versatile concept

The Seasnake marine train is a patented vehicle for transporting liquid, bulk and container cargo. It is the only allpurpose utility vehicle designed for safe, rapid, cost-effective movement of cargo through any marine transport system. Seasnake will modernise the shipping industry without the need for raising bridges, changing port designs or dredging channels, and can utilise existing loading and off-loading systems. Moreover, the Great Lakes model incorporates design technology which allows it to operate ballast-free, eliminating the anticipated need for expensive invasive species prevention measures.

The merits of vertical-automated container terminals now proven in Asia

Asia’s first vertical-automated terminal shows its merit by proving all the advantages of its design within the first year of operation. Since the first vessel call on 28 January 2012, Busan New Container Terminal (BNCT) has had a quick, successful and smooth operational start in large part due to the advantages of its vertical-automated terminal design and latest technology to match.

Port security and the effect of piracy

Much of the recent maritime security focus has been on antipiracy, and the problems off the Somali coast. The SAMI, a global focal point for maritime security matters, sees that the impact of piracy on ports can be significant, and there are many knock-on effects of instability in an area, which can give rise to security concerns.

Optimised ship loading at Marine Terminal Immingham, UK

The challenge of IT systems is that they need to be integrated to be most efficient. APT decided to face this challenge. In 2010 APT was looking for a new integrated IT solution to replace the current system as it could no longer meet the requirements. APT has chosen Implico's terminal management and terminal automation system OpenTAS to provide this one-point solution that fulfils all the needs in terms of planning, loading, inventory management and administration of the terminals.

Key research into LNG behaviour in shallow water

Long waves, although hardly visible, can cause large problems for moored ships. Over the last decade hydrodynamic research has focused on deep and ultra-deep water developments. However, recent experience with the development of offshore liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals has shown that the issues related to shallow water hydrodynamics are at least of similar complexity.

Recovering oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill

In the immediate aftermath of the explosion and fire on the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil rig, BP activated its two Oil Spill Response Organisations (OSRO). Without delay, both organisations mobilised the equipment they had available in the Gulf of Mexico, including offshore recovery equipment, considered to be the best in the US, in the hope that these resources would be able to contain and recover the oil from the MC252 well before it could affect sensitive areas of the shoreline.

Regulation of container weighing

When it comes to weighing of containers, the shipping industry already has an international regulation scheme in place. So what is the problem? Unfortunately it frequently occurs that the shipper's declared weight is incorrect. Ships, trucks and port facilities using incorrect weights in the handling and stowage of the container have been the cause or a contributing cause to numerous operational and safety incidents and accidents. BIMCO's chief marine technical officer Aron Sorensen discusses the most recent developments in what has become a major are of discussion throughout the maritime industry.

Q&A with Konecranes Director of Port Technology

Port Technology International discusses green technologies, automation, RTGs and other key issues affecting the container handling industry with Konecranes’ port technology director Hannu Oja.

Regulating the environmental impacts of container terminal developments

Legislation governing environmental permitting for infrastructure development projects is the norm in both developed and developing countries. The degree of assessment, transparency, public participation and discretion afforded to the approving authority varies from country to country. Hong Kong is fortunate to have in place a rigorous, transparent and pragmatic environmental permitting legislation in the form of the Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance (EIAO). This article aims to outline the requirements of the EIAO and provide a brief overview of the key issues and potential implications on the planning, design, construction and operation of further container terminal development in Hong Kong.

Busan: Northeast Asia’s new transhipment hub

The Port of Busan has nearly trebled its capacity over the past decade to become the fifth busiest container port in the world, and the port’s rapid expansion and continued development is showing little sign of slowing down. Lim Ki-tack, the president of the Busan Port Authority, explains to Port Technology International how the South Korean port has fast become the hub port of Northeast Asia.

Port development in East Asia: From efficiency enhancement to regional competitiveness

East Asia was one of the fastest growing regions in the past decades thanks to the export-led growth strategy of various developing countries. With most of the world’s traded cargoes being carried by sea, East Asian ports had also undergone substantial transformation and development. Indeed, their direction of development was closely knitted to global and regional economies. This article provides an overview of different phases of port development in East Asia.

Obtaining life-long results in your stock-pile cover

When making a decision regarding a cover for large bulk material stockpiles, it is important to take a long, hard and honest look at several factors. Environmental considerations, operations, erection, project schedule, maintenance, suitability of the cover for the specific application and lifecycle cost analysis are all part of the process. If we assume that it is not a question of whether to cover our bulk materials, but with what to cover, then we must consider several issues.

Grounded-chassis container terminal operations

This article summarises some of the findings of a 2012 report by CPCS Transcom, InterPro Advisory, Prime Focus and Jean-Paul Rodrigue in the ‘Guidebook for Assessing Evolving International Container Chassis Supply Models’, Transportation Research Board, National Cooperative Freight Research Program.

Developing efficient marine fender solutions

As vessels have grown larger and more diverse, so have the demands on fenders. In this article, Richard Hepworth, a chartered mechanical engineer and president of Trelleborg Marine Systems (TMS) and Chartered Mechanical Engineer, discusses this relationship and how, despite the fact that it’s possible to broadly identify which fender may be right for the job, it remains essential that each project and its specific requirements are considered.

Towards excellence in port environmental management and sustainability

What is a green port? How can a port authority respond to the environmental challenges relating to port operations? What is the vision of European port authorities towards that direction? Can a common framework for action be developed while respecting the diversity of ports? All these questions are being addressed in the European Sea Ports Organisation (ESPO) Green Guide; towards excellence in port environmental management and sustainability’ that was published in October 2012.

Seismic considerations for existing quay cranes

This is the last article of a three-part series on quay crane seismic issues. This article looks at existing quay cranes and presents several seismic retrofit options for existing cranes.

Crane alterations for better efficiency and reduced emissions

One of the Georgia Port Authority’s (GPA) top priorities is responsible stewardship of the environment. This has been demonstrated by the conversion of ship-to-shore container cranes from diesel to electric power, as well as gradually changing other container handling equipment to cleaner burning ultra-lowsulphur diesel fuel.

Evolving TWIC program explained

This Q&A with Jon Schwartz, Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC) program manager for the Transportation Security Administration, provides responses to important questions faced by future credential candidates and the more than 2 million people already enrolled in the program.

Optimising Port Investment

Dr Simon Su, of BMT Asia Pacific – a subsidiary of BMT Group, highlights the opportunities, challenges and attributes that ports around the world must consider in order to align with the changing landscape. Through extensive experience of providing investment and planning support throughout the initial stages of infrastructure development, Simon also provides intelligence on the port investment hot spots and the dos and don’ts for investors.

Gas Analysis Improves Container Safety

Entry to freight containers represents a significant hazard to staff responsible for inspection, stuffing or destuffing because of the large number of airborne chemicals that can be present. Research in Germany and the Netherlands found hazardous levels of gases and vapours in around 20 percent of all containers and this level of contamination is now accepted as commonplace.

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