Statecraft in The Age of Connectivity: The Case of Kazakhstan’s Diversified Railways Diplomacy
In a world increasingly shaped by infrastructure initiatives – spearheaded by, but not limited to, the China-sponsored Belt and Road Initiative– connectivity is fast becoming a key area of statecraft.
Transport infrastructures have a real structuring effect on international life. By drawing new transport corridors, these initiatives are creating new modes and patterns of access.
Access determines the ways and the conditions under which A can enter B’s (and vice versa) markets; how A is able to shape the attribution of contracts for the extraction of the resources contained in B’s territory and how they are exported to world markets; and how A is able to use B’s territory for other economic or military purposes.
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PTI EDITION 80This edition of The Journal of Ports & Terminals sees the world’s leading smart ports articulate their operations, practices and plans for the future in order to show what makes them the world’s leading digital ports. The edition also features insight into a variety of key topics and includes DP World, ABB, Navis, Accenture and a host of leading academics.