Technical Papers

2016 Update: Automation Fails, But Can Win Big

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Terminal Logistics,Global Terminal Operators,Port Planning & Finance,Container Handling,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation,Shipping,Container Weighing

With the increase in vessel sizes, terminal operators have finally realised that they will no longer be able to handle mega-ships in an efficient and economical manner without some level of automation. Some operators have sought to meet this challenge by ‘automating’ specific portions of their operations; adding CCD-TV, GPS devices, sensors and automatic steering to RTG cranes and straddle carriers

2016 Update: Automated Container Terminal Planning

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation

What does an “automated” marine container terminal look like in 2016? Straddle carriers and RTGs can be automated but these are rarely used as the backbone for an automated terminal due to lack of densityor poor performance from a rubber tyred interface compared with steel wheels running on a steel rail.

2016 Update: Entering the Maritime Sector: Logistics 4.0

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Environment, Health & Safety,Global Issues,Port Planning & Finance,Automation and Optimisation,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation

The steam engine. Electricity. Automation. The Internet of Things: these 4 terms describe the evolution of industrial progress in roughly the last 2 eras. The Internet of Things – also addressed as the fourth wave in industrial development, or as the ‘digitisation’ of industry – offers various opportunities to the port sector.

2016 Update: Threats of Port Cyber Security

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Security, Surveillance and Detection,Global Terminal Operators,Global Issues,Port Focus,Security, Surveillance and Detection,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation

Ports are critical infrastructures. Unavailability of a large port could present a major economic incident for a state or countr. ,A solid cyber security plan is a must in any modern port. How ready are you?

2016 Update: PSA: Mega-Terminal Operations

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Container Handling,Global Terminal Operators,Global Issues,Environment and Sustainability,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation

In container shipping, the idea that “big is beautiful” seems to be in vogue. Ever since the invention of the humble container in the 1950s revolutionised the face of global manufacturing, international trade flows have only grown bigger. More than 60% of seaborne trade now is containerised, with Drewry estimating that over 600 million TEU was moved worldwide in 2014.

2016 Update: Singapore's Next Gen Mega-Port

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Environment, Health & Safety,Global Issues,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Automation and Optimisation,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation

The port industry is a very dynamic industry. The modern Port of Singapore, being a forward-looking mega-port, is a good demonstration of how dynamic the port sector is. Singapore was established as an independent and sovereign republic in 1965. 2015 marks the country’s fiftieth anniversary, and within a relatively short time span of less than 50 years, the case of Singapore shows the development of a port from almost nothing back in the 1960s to the largest transhipment hub in the world today.

2016 Update: Remote Operations: Towards a Digital Revolution in Container Terminals

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Container Handling,Terminal Logistics,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation,Terminal Focus

We are living interesting times at the dawn of the next industrial revolution: Industry 4.0. How can container terminals be prepared for the era of cyber physical systems, the Internet of Things and the Internet of Services?


2016 Update: Big Data and its Applications

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Global Issues,Port Planning & Finance,Container Handling,Automation and Optimisation

In this paper, Rodrigo Garro, Project Manager of gate automation provider Orbita, defines the term 'Big Data' in the commercial space and explains how port operators can apply Big Data practices to ensure that they can plan-ahead to make their operations more efficient and error-free.

2016 Update: RTG Automation

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Terminal Logistics,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Container Handling,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation,Terminal Focus,Container Weighing

Automated container handling is a recognised megatrend in the container handling industry. It started back in the early 1990s, when the ECT Delta Terminal, Rotterdam, began to use unmanned rail mounted gantry cranes in their container yard, with considerable success. The industry noticed, and investment in new automated terminals grew. Automated container handling technology developed quickly, concentrating on the cranes handling the intermediate storage of containers in the yard

2016 Update: Container Weight Verification

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Container Handling,Terminal Logistics,Container Handling,Automation and Optimisation,Terminal Focus,Shipping,Container Weighing

There are now less than six months remaining before the implementation of the amended Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) rules requiring that any container to be loaded onto a vessel to which these regulations apply, must have its gross mass determined in advance through weighing – there are no exceptions. While the onus is upon the shipper to fulfil this obligation, the most practical location at which weighing can take place is at the ports and terminals, where lifting is a part of the existing cargo handling process.

2016 Update: The Changing Face of Automation

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation

It has been over 12 months since my last look at the port and terminal market when I addressed how market forces were driving change and noted the demand for increased automation across the industry. I had a very good response to that initial paper, with over 1,000 requests coming from the terminal market. I have taken the time to review various comments that touched on the hot-button issues in the industry at present, and now I want to take a much more focused look at some of the specific areas that can be improved within the terminal market with the deployment of advanced applications.

Automated Container Terminal Planning: The Fundamentals

  Edition 70 - Embracing Automation     Terminal Logistics,Port Focus,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation

AECOM is a global network of experts working with clients, communities and colleagues to develop and implement innovative solutions to the world’s most complex challenges. What does an “automated” marine container terminal look like in 2016? Straddle carriers and RTGs can be automated but these are rarely used as the backbone for an automated terminal due to lack of density or poor performance from a rubber tyred interface compared with steel wheels running on a steel rail

Viability: A Supply Chain Perspective

  Container Weighing eBook     Terminal Logistics,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation,Terminal Focus

The container weighing rule has split opinion across the industry and wrought confusion in several areas. This piece aims to address that confusion and ascertain a definitive insight into how the industry will embrace the regulation. In order to reach this aim, insight has been sought from some key figures in the industry who have offered their views on key elements of the rule

Load Spreading and Sea Fastening

  Edition 71 – The Bulk Issue     Terminal Logistics,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation,Terminal Focus

Circa 1760, the rise of the Industrial Age in Great Britain was primarily characterised by power driven technology that replaced hand operated tools. These technologies included the steam engine, which gave rise to locomotives, steamboats, and by1815, the golden age of massive ocean transportation vessels. In turn, these advancements enabled the worldwide transportation of the proliferation of manufactured goods via global waterways

The Smart Ship: The Future of Maritime Intelligence

  Edition 71 – The Bulk Issue     Mega Ship Ready,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation,Shipping

Innovative Marine is a premier manufacturer in the aquatics industry focused on the development, production, and distribution of speciality equipment and supplies. As disruptive as the smart phone, the smart ship will revolutionise the landscape of ship design and operations, redefining the maritime industry and the roles of the players in it; with implications for shipping companies, shipbuilders and maritime systems providers, as well as technology companies from other sectors.