Technical Papers - Terminal Logistics
Only 36% of ports and terminals claim to have seen increased pressure from shipping lines in terms of the importance placed on automation and digitisation. However, the survey results certainly suggest that shipping lines do value new technologies: half of the vessel stakeholders surveyed feel ports and terminals are immature in adopting Smart technologies.
The ultimate reason to develop ports is to stimulate exports or imports, not to satisfy shipping companies. However, most ports are very attentive to the demands of their customers – too attentive. Sure enough, not providing satisfactory services could mean that shipping companies call another port.
In the new era we see, vendors of solutions will date to venture out their niches and look for solutions that connect and interchange information in real time to provide actionable visibility and enable efficient decision making. These solutions will be possible because new standards for information exchange and a set of common semantics have evolved.
The perception of automation is that robots relieve human beings from repetitive tasks and that process automation brings stability and predictable performance to a container terminal, thereby increasing safety. What we often fail to mention is that even with the implementation of automation, accidents will still occur and technology can still fail.
SMT's show strong willingness to change and improve, but they need to do so with little investment, and limited impact. Not only do they need pre-configured software, but they also need a provider who comes with expertise in terminal management to help spot areas for improvements, and to implement them rapidly.
In 2012, the international seaborne trade for dry bulk cargo continued to grow: an overall growth of 5.7 percent, within which was a 7.2 percent increase rate for major bulks. Unlike other types of terminals (e.g. container terminals, general cargo terminals), for dry bulk terminals it is important to distinguish if they are export or import terminals. Because of the differences in objectives (i.e. export or import dry bulks), an export bulk terminal is designed rather differently from an import bulk terminal