Technical Papers - Terminal Logistics
As volumes have found their way up again, and additional terminal capacity is not easily realized, terminals return to seeking improvements in their internal processes. Based on our experience, which covers over 50 terminals where we assisted in performance improvement programs, it is possible to make substantial performance gains for internal processes. This is also recognized by the terminals themselves. A recent survey by Navis indicates that 76% of the respondents put process improvement as a ‘number one priority’ for terminal operations. Process improvements may be seen through productivity increases, gains in service levels, for example the reliability of port stay, capacity enhancement due to using space more effectively, and cost reductions. Without a doubt, double digit improvements can be attained in the performance-cost index.
Digitization and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies are powerful enablers that forward-thinking port operators are using in order to improve efficiencies, better manage traffic, empower their workforces to increase throughput, and decrease carbon emissions while making traffic safer. One such operator is the Hamburg Port Authority (HPA), which manages Europe's third largest port.
Yilport’s journey started in 2004, when Chairman Robert Yuksel Yildirim envisioned bringing world-class terminal service to his hometown in Turkey. The success story began at Yilport Gebze, and expanded to deliver a high standard of terminal operation worldwide. Yilport Holding Inc. was established in August, 2011 as a subsidiary of the Yildirim Group, become the first private terminal operator in Turkey.
Only 36% of ports and terminals claim to have seen increased pressure from shipping lines in terms of the importance placed on automation and digitisation. However, the survey results certainly suggest that shipping lines do value new technologies: half of the vessel stakeholders surveyed feel ports and terminals are immature in adopting Smart technologies.
The ultimate reason to develop ports is to stimulate exports or imports, not to satisfy shipping companies. However, most ports are very attentive to the demands of their customers – too attentive. Sure enough, not providing satisfactory services could mean that shipping companies call another port.
In the new era we see, vendors of solutions will date to venture out their niches and look for solutions that connect and interchange information in real time to provide actionable visibility and enable efficient decision making. These solutions will be possible because new standards for information exchange and a set of common semantics have evolved.
The perception of automation is that robots relieve human beings from repetitive tasks and that process automation brings stability and predictable performance to a container terminal, thereby increasing safety. What we often fail to mention is that even with the implementation of automation, accidents will still occur and technology can still fail.