Technical Papers

The New Era of Container Shipping

  Edition 73 - The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue     Container Handling,Container Handling,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation,Carriers,Shipping,Container Weighing

In the new era we see, vendors of solutions will date to venture out their niches and look for solutions that connect and interchange information in real time to provide actionable visibility and enable efficient decision making. These solutions will be possible because new standards for information exchange and a set of common semantics have evolved.

Key Trends And Developments

  Edition 73 - The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation,Shipping

The year 2016 brought a range of challenges and opportunities for European ports. This paper intends to summarize the main developments in nine distinctive themes.

Consistent Training

  Edition 73 - The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue     Container Handling,Global Terminal Operators,Warehousing and Logistics,Container Handling,Mega Ship Ready,Mega Ship Ready,Port & Maritime Training,Simulation Training,Port & Maritime Training,Terminal Focus,Shipping

Today’s trainee is Rory, and it's his very first time operating a ship-to-shore crane. Yet, in gusting 40mph winds in a cab 53 metres from the Liverpool quayside, he's already moved five stacks of 40ft containers from a mega-ship sitting in the River Mersey to a waiting trailer below on the new £400m Liverpool2 container terminal.

Saftey Initiatives

  Edition 73 - The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue     Container Handling,Health and Safety,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation,Carriers,Shipping

It may seem rare that common ship handling and cargo loading operations result in major incidents. However, when such circumstances do arise, the financial and commercial consequences can be significant.

The Digitalisation Megatrend

  Edition 73 - The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Global Terminal Operators,Port Planning & Finance,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation,Shipping

Digitising complete supply chains and automating information exchange could form a solution to this problem [2]. In order to overcome current information exchange barriers research is currently being undertaken on the translation of the internet to the real-world.

EU Maritime Logistics

  Edition 73 - The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Port Focus,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation,Shipping

The interdependence of all actors of the maritime logistics chain is clearly demonstrated and justifies a holistic and balanced approach, be it in regards to investment, competition, level playing field, digitalisation, trade facilitation, sustainability or innovation.

Training and Simulation Tools

  Edition 73 - The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue     Port Focus,Container Handling,Container Handling,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation,Port & Maritime Training,Simulation Training,Port & Maritime Training,Shipping

Port projects are confronted by a growing scarcity of prime locations, increasing environmental constraints, limited space for expansion, along with the uncertain impacts of climate change and fundamental changes in ICT systems.


Challenges in Arctic Port Development

  Edition 73 - The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue     Environment, Health & Safety,Environment and Sustainability,Automation and Optimisation,Shipping

Sabetta can be considered a ‘critical case’ in the ongoing industrialisation of the Arctic. The absence of adequate onshore infrastructure, primarily ports and terminals, is an obstacle to furthering prospects of the Arctic energy development. Many energy analysts suggest that LNG will be a part of the energy mix for years to come and that there is place for Arctic LNG on the market. Yet, the success of projects like Yamal LNG largely depends on the reliability of LNG transport for customers, thus, existence of a well-functioning modern port is a necessary condition.

2016 Update: Dry Bulk Terminal Capacity Planning

  Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Terminal Logistics,Dry Bulk & Specialist Cargo Handling,Global Terminal Operators,Port Planning & Finance,Dry Bulk and Specialist Cargo Handling,Terminal Focus,Shipping

In 2012, the international seaborne trade for dry bulk cargo continued to grow: an overall growth of 5.7 percent, within which was a 7.2 percent increase rate for major bulks. Unlike other types of terminals (e.g. container terminals, general cargo terminals), for dry bulk terminals it is important to distinguish if they are export or import terminals. Because of the differences in objectives (i.e. export or import dry bulks), an export bulk terminal is designed rather differently from an import bulk terminal

2016 Update: Automation Fails, But Can Win Big

  Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Terminal Logistics,Global Terminal Operators,Port Planning & Finance,Container Handling,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation,Shipping,Container Weighing

With the increase in vessel sizes, terminal operators have finally realised that they will no longer be able to handle mega-ships in an efficient and economical manner without some level of automation. Some operators have sought to meet this challenge by ‘automating’ specific portions of their operations; adding CCD-TV, GPS devices, sensors and automatic steering to RTG cranes and straddle carriers

2016 Update: Ports of the Future

  Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Terminal Logistics,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Terminal Focus,Shipping

For the port of the future, bigger vessels, broader carrier alliances, container capacity consolidation and larger hub and spoke port networks will be changing costs and revolutionising the way in which profits are generated from operations. Simultaneously, the port of the future will manage increased investment along with demands for improved productivity and higher level of service

2016 Update: The New Era of Mega-Ports

  Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Terminal Logistics,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Mega Ship Ready,Mega Ship Ready,Shipping

Ports have been ever-present throughout human civilisation, yet only in recent times have we witnessed the emergence of mega-ports. Mega-ports can be considered truly indispensable nodes of the current globalised economic system. But what are mega-ports, who needs them, how does a port become one of them, and should we be glad about them; these are the questions that this paper seeks to address

2016 Update: Handling Mega-Ships

  Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Terminal Logistics,Port Planning & Finance,Container Handling,Mega Ship Ready,Mega Ship Ready,Shipping

Bigger ships mean more moves per call, which in turn means a logical requirement for additional berth capacity, or so conventional wisdom would state. This article contends that upgrading berth capacity alone in order to tackle mega-ships will lead to congestion throughout yard facilities. I believe that additional capacity can be achieved whilst avoiding the spectre of congestion by improving the efficiency of each quay crane at a berth and by increasing the number of quay cranes on one ship

2016 Update: Container Weight Verification

  Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Container Handling,Terminal Logistics,Container Handling,Automation and Optimisation,Terminal Focus,Shipping,Container Weighing

There are now less than six months remaining before the implementation of the amended Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) rules requiring that any container to be loaded onto a vessel to which these regulations apply, must have its gross mass determined in advance through weighing – there are no exceptions. While the onus is upon the shipper to fulfil this obligation, the most practical location at which weighing can take place is at the ports and terminals, where lifting is a part of the existing cargo handling process.

2016 Update: Mega-Alliances Impact

  Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Focus,Mega Ship Ready,Mega Ship Ready,Terminal Focus,Shipping

Ports and terminals are facing unprecedented challenges as a result of two inter-related factors: the deployment of ever larger container ships as carriers seek economies of scale and the resultant formation of ever larger carrier alliances in order to fill these ships. Bigger ships create well documented pressures for ports in terms of the need for deeper water, larger cranes and longer berths. They also mean that box exchanges per vessel call are larger and there is more peaking pressure on terminals.