Technical Papers

Leveraging Virtual Reality

  The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Terminal Logistics,Global Issues,Port Planning & Finance,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation,Port & Maritime Training,Simulation Training,Port & Maritime Training,Terminal Focus

The perception of automation is that robots relieve human beings from repetitive tasks and that process automation brings stability and predictable performance to a container terminal, thereby increasing safety. What we often fail to mention is that even with the implementation of automation, accidents will still occur and technology can still fail.

Virtual Reality: The Next Evolution in Operator Training

  The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,VTS, Navigation, Mooring and Berthing,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation,Port & Maritime Training,Simulation Training,Port & Maritime Training

A VR training system brings four primary advantages; cost effectiveness, field of view, parallax, and depth perception. Traditional simulators use projectors or flat panel displays to provide a view into the virtual world.

How Technology Transforms Ocean Container Shipping

  The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Dry Bulk & Specialist Cargo Handling,Port Planning & Finance,Container Handling,Dry Bulk and Specialist Cargo Handling,Automation and Optimisation,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation,Terminal Focus

Over the past 15 years, the ocean logistics industry experienced vast changes to business models, services and technology adoption. In 2016, the pace of technology innovation accelerated as participants sought business model optimisation.

The Digitalisation Megatrend

  The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Terminal Logistics,Finance,Global Terminal Operators,Global Issues,Port Planning & Finance,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation,Shipping

Digitising complete supply chains and automating information exchange could form a solution to this problem [2]. In order to overcome current information exchange barriers research is currently being undertaken on the translation of the internet to the real-world.

Brexit's Impact on Customs Regulation

  The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue     Finance,Global Issues,Port Planning & Finance,Shipping

This article looks first at the current position, and in particular the significance for businesses of the UK's membership of the customs union

Successful Delivery of Terminal Infrastructure

  The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Global Terminal Operators,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Container Handling,Terminal Focus

In this globalised supply chain from the manufacturer in Asia to the consumer in Europe or America, the marine container terminal is a key link, where the cargo transfer mode changes from waterborne to land-based.

Brexit's Impact on Customs Regulation

  The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Finance,Global Terminal Operators,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Terminal Focus

This article looks first at the current position, and in particular the significance for businesses (both importers and exporters) of the UK's membership of the customs union


Update: Dry Bulk Terminal Capacity Planning

  The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Terminal Logistics,Dry Bulk & Specialist Cargo Handling,Global Terminal Operators,Port Planning & Finance,Dry Bulk and Specialist Cargo Handling,Terminal Focus,Shipping

In 2012, the international seaborne trade for dry bulk cargo continued to grow: an overall growth of 5.7 percent, within which was a 7.2 percent increase rate for major bulks. Unlike other types of terminals (e.g. container terminals, general cargo terminals), for dry bulk terminals it is important to distinguish if they are export or import terminals. Because of the differences in objectives (i.e. export or import dry bulks), an export bulk terminal is designed rather differently from an import bulk terminal

Update: Automation Fails, But Can Win Big

  The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Terminal Logistics,Global Terminal Operators,Port Planning & Finance,Container Handling,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation,Shipping,Container Weighing

With the increase in vessel sizes, terminal operators have finally realised that they will no longer be able to handle mega-ships in an efficient and economical manner without some level of automation. Some operators have sought to meet this challenge by ‘automating’ specific portions of their operations; adding CCD-TV, GPS devices, sensors and automatic steering to RTG cranes and straddle carriers

Update: Ports of the Future

  The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Terminal Logistics,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Terminal Focus,Shipping,Supply Chain

For the port of the future, bigger vessels, broader carrier alliances, container capacity consolidation and larger hub and spoke port networks will be changing costs and revolutionising the way in which profits are generated from operations. Simultaneously, the port of the future will manage increased investment along with demands for improved productivity and higher level of service

Update: Automated Container Terminal Planning

  The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation

What does an “automated” marine container terminal look like in 2016? Straddle carriers and RTGs can be automated but these are rarely used as the backbone for an automated terminal due to lack of densityor poor performance from a rubber tyred interface compared with steel wheels running on a steel rail.

Update: SmartPort: Information in Your Hands

  The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Port Planning & Finance

In recent decades, ports have been going through a continuous transition of becoming more open to their communities. They have evolved from being civil works managers to service providers, and this transformation has led to more and more information being exchanged between the port and its environment. Thus, port authorities began to exchange information electronically with their partners, first using electronic data interchange (EDI), and later implementing port community systems (PCS). With the development of the internet, ports also started to publish information on their websites, first static data and subsequently dynamic information, creating a communication channel with its environment that is firmly consolidated. This opening up process has affected the interaction with ports’ business partners, like ship agents, terminals, shipping lines etc. and also the relationship with its local community. A vast number of ports are located in the vicinity or heart of cities. This fact has meant that the opening up of the ports has needed to respond to pressure from citizens wanting to know about the port as a part of their home city. In this spirit, a lot of port-city integration projects have been developed all around the globe.

Update: Maritime Sector Logistics 4.0

  The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Environment, Health & Safety,Global Issues,Port Planning & Finance,Automation and Optimisation,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation

The steam engine. Electricity. Automation. The Internet of Things: these 4 terms describe the evolution of industrial progress in roughly the last 2 eras. The Internet of Things – also addressed as the fourth wave in industrial development, or as the ‘digitisation’ of industry – offers various opportunities to the port sector.

Update: The New Era of Mega-Ports

  The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Terminal Logistics,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Mega Ship Ready,Mega Ship Ready,Shipping

Ports have been ever-present throughout human civilisation, yet only in recent times have we witnessed the emergence of mega-ports. Mega-ports can be considered truly indispensable nodes of the current globalised economic system. But what are mega-ports, who needs them, how does a port become one of them, and should we be glad about them; these are the questions that this paper seeks to address

Update: Handling Mega-Ships

  The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Terminal Logistics,Port Planning & Finance,Container Handling,Mega Ship Ready,Mega Ship Ready,Shipping

Bigger ships mean more moves per call, which in turn means a logical requirement for additional berth capacity, or so conventional wisdom would state. This article contends that upgrading berth capacity alone in order to tackle mega-ships will lead to congestion throughout yard facilities. I believe that additional capacity can be achieved whilst avoiding the spectre of congestion by improving the efficiency of each quay crane at a berth and by increasing the number of quay cranes on one ship