Technical Papers - Port Planning, Design & Construction
Over the past ten years, there has been explosive growth in the size of ships in general and containerships in particular. The ship-to-channel ratios now provide less margins of safety, and present significant challenges to port designers, pilots, tug companies, and marine operations. Full-mission ship simulation, also known as FMSS, is gaining acceptance as a cost-effective way to evaluate whether transits are safe and under what conditions. Additionally, simulations can be of great assistance in the preliminary design process to reduce dredging costs and increase port efficiencies.
The size of container ships has risen significantly in recent years and it is projected that even larger ships will call at US ports in future. Although these huge containerships bring many benefits for shipping companies such as economies of scale, they present challenges for ports such as the requirment for deeper channels and larger cranes. Research into solutions for container storage is presented in this paper.
Able Seaton Port is located on the northeast coast of England and lies at the head of Seaton Channel, a tributary of the River Tees which in turn faces onto the North Sea. The facility was purchased by its current owners in 1996, and since that time Able UK Limited has extensively developed the site to provide new heavy-duty quays as well as new workshops and offices. Permitted uses have also been extended, through a complex planning process, to enable, among other things, the decommissioning of marine structures and vessels. Its geographical location, and planning status, has enabled Able to provide, in particular, on-shore decommissioning services for redundant North Sea oil rigs.
Strategically located at the entry point to the heart of the Atlantic Ocean, Cartagena Bay is home to one of the main port systems in Colombia. This is why reinforcing logistics services and upgrading infrastructure are the main goals for APM Terminals (APMT) and COMPAS in the Cartagena Container Terminal Operator (CCTO) joint venture, created in January, 2016.
Automation and electrification are the twin goals of advanced container terminals worldwide. They are driven by the desire for reduced costs and reduced environmental impacts of operations, as well as financial pressure for higher utilization of expensive capital assets gained by moving toward 24/7 operation
Only 36% of ports and terminals claim to have seen increased pressure from shipping lines in terms of the importance placed on automation and digitisation. However, the survey results certainly suggest that shipping lines do value new technologies: half of the vessel stakeholders surveyed feel ports and terminals are immature in adopting Smart technologies.