Technical Papers

2016 Update: Automation Fails, But Can Win Big

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Terminal Logistics,Global Terminal Operators,Port Planning & Finance,Container Handling,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation,Shipping,Container Weighing

With the increase in vessel sizes, terminal operators have finally realised that they will no longer be able to handle mega-ships in an efficient and economical manner without some level of automation. Some operators have sought to meet this challenge by ‘automating’ specific portions of their operations; adding CCD-TV, GPS devices, sensors and automatic steering to RTG cranes and straddle carriers

2016 Update: Ports of the Future

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Terminal Logistics,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Terminal Focus,Shipping

For the port of the future, bigger vessels, broader carrier alliances, container capacity consolidation and larger hub and spoke port networks will be changing costs and revolutionising the way in which profits are generated from operations. Simultaneously, the port of the future will manage increased investment along with demands for improved productivity and higher level of service

2016 Update: Automated Container Terminal Planning

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation

What does an “automated” marine container terminal look like in 2016? Straddle carriers and RTGs can be automated but these are rarely used as the backbone for an automated terminal due to lack of densityor poor performance from a rubber tyred interface compared with steel wheels running on a steel rail.

2016 Update: SmartPort: Port Information in Your Hand

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Port Planning & Finance

In recent decades, ports have been going through a continuous transition of becoming more open to their communities. They have evolved from being civil works managers to service providers, and this transformation has led to more and more information being exchanged between the port and its environment. Thus, port authorities began to exchange information electronically with their partners, first using electronic data interchange (EDI), and later implementing port community systems (PCS). With the development of the internet, ports also started to publish information on their websites, first static data and subsequently dynamic information, creating a communication channel with its environment that is firmly consolidated. This opening up process has affected the interaction with ports’ business partners, like ship agents, terminals, shipping lines etc. and also the relationship with its local community. A vast number of ports are located in the vicinity or heart of cities. This fact has meant that the opening up of the ports has needed to respond to pressure from citizens wanting to know about the port as a part of their home city. In this spirit, a lot of port-city integration projects have been developed all around the globe.

2016 Update: The Return of Iranian Ports

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Global Issues,Port Focus

The Islamic Republic of Iran is a unique country in terms of geo-economics and geo-politics. As the largest nation in the Middle East and Central Asia, Iran is an economic powerhouse in terms of international trade, industry and agriculture, energy and natural resources, science and technology, and tourism and logistics.

2016 Update: Entering the Maritime Sector: Logistics 4.0

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Environment, Health & Safety,Global Issues,Port Planning & Finance,Automation and Optimisation,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation

The steam engine. Electricity. Automation. The Internet of Things: these 4 terms describe the evolution of industrial progress in roughly the last 2 eras. The Internet of Things – also addressed as the fourth wave in industrial development, or as the ‘digitisation’ of industry – offers various opportunities to the port sector.

2016 Update: The New Era of Mega-Ports

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Terminal Logistics,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Mega Ship Ready,Mega Ship Ready,Shipping

Ports have been ever-present throughout human civilisation, yet only in recent times have we witnessed the emergence of mega-ports. Mega-ports can be considered truly indispensable nodes of the current globalised economic system. But what are mega-ports, who needs them, how does a port become one of them, and should we be glad about them; these are the questions that this paper seeks to address


2016 Update: A New Concept in Handling Mega-ships

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Terminal Logistics,Port Planning & Finance,Container Handling,Mega Ship Ready,Mega Ship Ready,Shipping

Bigger ships mean more moves per call, which in turn means a logical requirement for additional berth capacity, or so conventional wisdom would state. This article contends that upgrading berth capacity alone in order to tackle mega-ships will lead to congestion throughout yard facilities. I believe that additional capacity can be achieved whilst avoiding the spectre of congestion by improving the efficiency of each quay crane at a berth and by increasing the number of quay cranes on one ship

2016 Update: Container Weight Verification: Opportunities and Challenges

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Port Planning & Finance,Container Handling

The process within the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) to implement the mandatory verification of a container weight before it is loaded on to a vessel is progressing as expected. In a May 2014 meeting, the Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) approved draft amendments to SOLAS (the International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea) chapter VI to require the mandatory verification of the gross mass of containers, either by weighing a packed container, or by weighing all packages and cargo items and adding the tare mass. The requirements are expected to enter into force in July 2016. It is clearly stated in the draft amendment that the responsibility for obtaining and documenting the container weight lies with the shipper. This means that the burden to comply with the new regulations is not with terminal operators as such, but the situation - where many shippers will not have access to the facilities needed to fulfill their duties - provides terminal operators with an opportunity to offer such a service to shippers.

2016 Update: Singapore's Next Gen Mega-Port

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Environment, Health & Safety,Global Issues,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Automation and Optimisation,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation

The port industry is a very dynamic industry. The modern Port of Singapore, being a forward-looking mega-port, is a good demonstration of how dynamic the port sector is. Singapore was established as an independent and sovereign republic in 1965. 2015 marks the country’s fiftieth anniversary, and within a relatively short time span of less than 50 years, the case of Singapore shows the development of a port from almost nothing back in the 1960s to the largest transhipment hub in the world today.

2016 Update: Big Data and its Applications

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Global Issues,Port Planning & Finance,Container Handling,Automation and Optimisation

In this paper, Rodrigo Garro, Project Manager of gate automation provider Orbita, defines the term 'Big Data' in the commercial space and explains how port operators can apply Big Data practices to ensure that they can plan-ahead to make their operations more efficient and error-free.

2016 Update: RTG Automation

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Container Handling,Terminal Logistics,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Container Handling,Automation and Optimisation,Automation and Optimisation,Terminal Focus,Container Weighing

Automated container handling is a recognised megatrend in the container handling industry. It started back in the early 1990s, when the ECT Delta Terminal, Rotterdam, began to use unmanned rail mounted gantry cranes in their container yard, with considerable success. The industry noticed, and investment in new automated terminals grew. Automated container handling technology developed quickly, concentrating on the cranes handling the intermediate storage of containers in the yard

How To Reduce Your Demurrage bill

  Edition 71 – The Bulk Issue     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Finance,Port Planning & Finance,Shipping

Cirrus Logistics provides ports and terminals with applications and services that optimise the vessel call process, increase terminal throughput, and make the best use of available infrastructure and resources. This paper has been written to introduce an approach to vessel planning and scheduling that can return million-dollar savings per terminal per year.For supply chains that involve the chartering of vessels, demurrage is seen by many organisations as an inevitability of moving cargoes.

The Greenest Bulk Operations: A Chilean Port Revolution

  Edition 71 – The Bulk Issue     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance

Codelco, the largest copper producing company in the world has revolutionised the mining logistics of copper concentrate. It has re-engineered bulk handling, using a completely sealed zero material loss system from the mine to the hatch of the ship at Puerto Angamos in Mejillones, Chile.

New Suez Canal Project: A Logistics Journey

  Edition 71 – The Bulk Issue     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Dredging and Coastal Development,Port Planning & Finance,Dredging

IADC is the forum for all oil and gas drilling industry stakeholders to connect, in this paper René Kolman discusses the New Suez Canal Project, it was aimed at improving the country’s economy. The second lane would reduce waiting times for transiting ships, facilitate traffic in two directions and increase the number of ships allowed in the waterway. SCA expects revenues to increase from US$5.3 billion at present to US$13.2 billion by 2023 due to the additional lane.