The association between ports and manufacturing has constantly evolved through technological and economic changes. Prior to containerization, there were strong linkages between ports and heavy industrial activities, and indirectly with lighter forms of manufacturing.
Drones are transforming the way organisations operate across the world. While most are prevalent in the military and defence industry, seaports are climbing to the top of the list of industries in the commercial sector that can reap the benefits.
Smart ports is a topical theme in the maritime industry as ports, terminals, shipping and the logistics chain seek to understand and take advantages of technology to improve the productivity of all aspects of their businesses.
Representing some 170 ports in over ninety countries, member ports of the International Association of Ports and Harbors (IAPH) handle about 80% of world container traffic and more than 60% of all international maritime trade.
This paper offers a deep insight into the interplay between governance and people, all with the aim of implementing smart processes that offer transformation at both the organisational and the community level