With the increase in vessel sizes, terminal operators have finally realised that they will no longer be able to handle mega-ships in an efficient and economical manner without some level of automation. Some operators have sought to meet this challenge by ‘automating’ specific portions of their operations; adding CCD-TV, GPS devices, sensors and automatic steering to RTG cranes and straddle carriers
The steam engine. Electricity. Automation. The Internet of Things: these 4 terms describe the evolution of industrial progress in roughly the last 2 eras. The Internet of Things – also addressed as the fourth wave in industrial development, or as the ‘digitisation’ of industry – offers various opportunities to the port sector.
Ports have been ever-present throughout human civilisation, yet only in recent times have we witnessed the emergence of mega-ports. Mega-ports can be considered truly indispensable nodes of the current globalised economic system. But what are mega-ports, who needs them, how does a port become one of them, and should we be glad about them; these are the questions that this paper seeks to address
In container shipping, the idea that “big is beautiful” seems to be in vogue. Ever since the invention of the humble container in the 1950s revolutionised the face of global manufacturing, international trade flows have only grown bigger. More than 60% of seaborne trade now is containerised, with Drewry estimating that over 600 million TEU was moved worldwide in 2014.
Bigger ships mean more moves per call, which in turn means a logical requirement for additional berth capacity, or so conventional wisdom would state. This article contends that upgrading berth capacity alone in order to tackle mega-ships will lead to congestion throughout yard facilities. I believe that additional capacity can be achieved whilst avoiding the spectre of congestion by improving the efficiency of each quay crane at a berth and by increasing the number of quay cranes on one ship
The port industry is a very dynamic industry. The modern Port of Singapore, being a forward-looking mega-port, is a good demonstration of how dynamic the port sector is. Singapore was established as an independent and sovereign republic in 1965. 2015 marks the country’s fiftieth anniversary, and within a relatively short time span of less than 50 years, the case of Singapore shows the development of a port from almost nothing back in the 1960s to the largest transhipment hub in the world today.
Ports and terminals are facing unprecedented challenges as a result of two inter-related factors: the deployment of ever larger container ships as carriers seek economies of scale and the resultant formation of ever larger carrier alliances in order to fill these ships. Bigger ships create well documented pressures for ports in terms of the need for deeper water, larger cranes and longer berths. They also mean that box exchanges per vessel call are larger and there is more peaking pressure on terminals.
Liftech Consultants Inc. is a consulting engineering firm, founded in 1964, with special expertise in the design and procurement of dockside container handling cranes and other complex structures. Our experience includes structural design for wharves and wharf structures, heavy lift structures, buildings, container yard structures, and container handling equipment. Our national and international clients include owners, engineers, operators, manufacturers, and riggers.
Innovative Marine is a premier manufacturer in the aquatics industry focused on the development, production, and distribution of speciality equipment and supplies. As disruptive as the smart phone, the smart ship will revolutionise the landscape of ship design and operations, redefining the maritime industry and the roles of the players in it; with implications for shipping companies, shipbuilders and maritime systems providers, as well as technology companies from other sectors.
About 62% of a vessel’s time in port is relative to operation time, the rest reserved for services, berthing and transit in port. The growth of vessels and the number of movements has led to a huge need to manage operations in a different way, with an integrated view of all equipment, using operational research, intelligent data analysis, and data mining techniques, with quite complex algorithms based on artificial intelligence.