Technical Papers - Global Terminal Operators
In 2012, the international seaborne trade for dry bulk cargo continued to grow: an overall growth of 5.7 percent, within which was a 7.2 percent increase rate for major bulks. Unlike other types of terminals (e.g. container terminals, general cargo terminals), for dry bulk terminals it is important to distinguish if they are export or import terminals. Because of the differences in objectives (i.e. export or import dry bulks), an export bulk terminal is designed rather differently from an import bulk terminal
With the increase in vessel sizes, terminal operators have finally realised that they will no longer be able to handle mega-ships in an efficient and economical manner without some level of automation. Some operators have sought to meet this challenge by ‘automating’ specific portions of their operations; adding CCD-TV, GPS devices, sensors and automatic steering to RTG cranes and straddle carriers
In container shipping, the idea that “big is beautiful” seems to be in vogue. Ever since the invention of the humble container in the 1950s revolutionised the face of global manufacturing, international trade flows have only grown bigger. More than 60% of seaborne trade now is containerised, with Drewry estimating that over 600 million TEU was moved worldwide in 2014.
A recent overall study of the current logistics process makes it clear that all parties involved are developing activities and implement changes to make their own part of the logistics process as good as possible but with that they miss the total picture. In general, shippers demand better supply chain management and improved end-to-end chain visibility. To support that demand, a global logistic data backbone is currently in development.
Cargo movement shifts from one segment to another rather easily (except in some cases when cargo size and draft restrictions at ports play a role) in the dry bulk market compared to other sectors. So, an oversupply in one segment trickles down to other segments rather easily. Therefore, an oversupplied Capesize market will, in turn, impact Panamaxes in the long run, which will further go down to smaller segments.