Technical Papers - Global Terminal Operators
The past 65 years have brought significant changes to China’s economic and political landscape and the Chinese society at large, influencing the degree to which China’s ports are centrally governed. This paper explains the early stages of port organization which saw port governance centralized, and which has since been succeeded by a stage in which broader economic policies have increasing impact.
DaChan Bay Terminals (DCB) is part of the Port of Shenzhen, the third-busiest container port in the world. To handle ship traffic DCB deploys a full fleet of electricity-powered rubber tyred gantry cranes (e-RTGs) and dual hoist tandem-lift QCs, which are able to simultaneously handle two 40-foot containers. DCB is the world's first container terminal to deploy a full fleet of e-RTGs, using electricity instead of diesel. E-RTGs emit no CO2 emissions during their operations in terminals and their indirect CO2 emissions are 60% lower than those of diesel-powered RTGs. All quay cranes are also electricity-powered. These cranes are able to simultaneously handle two 40-foot containers or four 20-foot containers with lower energy consumption and higher productivity.
International observers of Pakistan often perceive the country in terms of its challenges; and, indeed, there are many. South Asia's second-largest economy is ranked 144th in the World Bank’s Doing Business index and faces a host of pressing issues, from flare-ups of insecurity, to power supply disruptions, to a shortage of financing options in underdeveloped regions.
Recent Chinese policy evolution and directions on port governance have managerial implications for Chinese ports, local port groups and port bureaus. Three main principles underpin these policies: an increased focus on port integration and cooperation, a strong orientation towards hinterland development, and the opening-up of the Chinese port sector to both accepting investment from and investing in foreign entities.
The ultimate reason to develop ports is to stimulate exports or imports, not to satisfy shipping companies. However, most ports are very attentive to the demands of their customers – too attentive. Sure enough, not providing satisfactory services could mean that shipping companies call another port.
In the new era we see, vendors of solutions will date to venture out their niches and look for solutions that connect and interchange information in real time to provide actionable visibility and enable efficient decision making. These solutions will be possible because new standards for information exchange and a set of common semantics have evolved.
Konecranes has been manufacturing container crane for more than four decades. In the beginning, noise wasn't a bit issue, because the ways it affected humans were less well known and residential areas were separate to ports. However, noise pollution has become a major challenge as urban areas continue to expand across the seafront, ports have become busier, and two areas have crept closer.
Today’s trainee is Rory, and it's his very first time operating a ship-to-shore crane. Yet, in gusting 40mph winds in a cab 53 metres from the Liverpool quayside, he's already moved five stacks of 40ft containers from a mega-ship sitting in the River Mersey to a waiting trailer below on the new £400m Liverpool2 container terminal.
SMT's show strong willingness to change and improve, but they need to do so with little investment, and limited impact. Not only do they need pre-configured software, but they also need a provider who comes with expertise in terminal management to help spot areas for improvements, and to implement them rapidly.