Technical Papers - Environment and Sustainability

Performance Improvement in Yard Lighting: A New Approach

  PTI Edition 76 - Cyber Risk & Security

Seaports – the nexus of trade, logistics, and production – are hugely important in facilitating both national and international trade. Recent decades have witnessed a spectacular increase in freight transport worldwide, 90% of which crosses the sea after loading in seaports. Container transport in particular has been influenced by this increase in global sea transport. For example, the maximum capacity of containerships used to be 10,000 TEU, but this increased over a 10-year period to 22,000 TEU. There are, of course, knock-on environmental effects from these developments that must be addressed by the seaports that have to accommodate incoming, outgoing and transiting trade.

  Environment, Health & Safety


Slops Refining: A Sustainable Solution for Ports

  PTI Edition 76 - Cyber Risk & Security

Slops and sludges are hydrocarbon-rich shipping industry waste, produced in ship engine rooms through purifying fuels, bilge waters from mechanical systems, oily ballast water and tank cleaning waters from tankers. MARPOL Annex I, Regulation 12 defines slops as "the residual waste oil products generated during the normal operation of a ship, such as those resulting from the purification of fuel or lubricating oil for main or auxiliary machinery, separated waste oil from oil filtering equipment, waste oil collected in drip trays, and waste hydraulic and lubricating oils." Millions of tonnes of maritime hydrocarbon residues are created every year, and it is estimated that they account for between 1% and 2% of maritime bunker volumes consumed annually. All of this waste needs to be disposed of in line with IMO and EU regulations, and Ecoslops presents a way to refine the waste into valuable fuel.

  Environment, Health & Safety


How to Reduce Opex Costs for RTG Terminals

  PTI Edition 76 - Cyber Risk & Security

Conventional Rubber Tyred Gantry cranes (RTGs) consume 2 to 2.5 liter diesel per container move. Consequently a container terminal with a throughput of 1 million TEU consumes 2 million to 2.5 million liters of diesel per year. This drives many operators to look for suitable power supply alternatives for this type of crane, in order to reduce diesel consumption and thus emissions. Conductix-Wampfler has been converting RTGs into electrified RTGs (E-RTGs) since 2006. The converting process involves shutting down the diesel genset and powering the RTG with electric power directly from the power grid. E-RTGs typically use 2.5 to 3.5 kWh electrical power per container move.

  Automation and Optimisation, Dredging and Coastal Development, Environment, Health & Safety



IAPH: New Start with the World Ports Sustainability Program

  PTI Edition 75 - Mega-Ports & Mega-Terminals

Ports from all over the world came together in Rotterdam, the Netherlands in July, 2008 for the C40 World Ports Climate Conference, under the slogan of “world ports for a better climate”.

  Environment, Health & Safety


Electric Yard Tractors: Weighing the Costs and Benefits

  PTI Edition 75 - Mega-Ports & Mega-Terminals

The latest Clean Air Action Plan (CAAP) from the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach (POLA/LB) has set a goal of zero emissions for cargo handling equipment by 2030. This has spurred a number of responses claiming that this goal will require enormous investment costs and will be onerous to achieve.

  Container Handling, Environment, Health & Safety, Terminal Logistics


Port Everglades: A Framework for Cooperation with the EPA

  PTI Edition 75 - Mega-Ports & Mega-Terminals

Port Everglades, Florida’s top container port and one of the three busiest cruise ports in the world, readily accepted a challenging opportunity with the US Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Transportation and Air Quality (EPA) to partner and coordinate research and modeling for covering port-related operations, technologies, and growth scenarios.

  Environment, Health & Safety



Vancouver Fraser Port Authority: Asking Vessels to Slow Down for Whales

  PTI Edition 75 - Mega-Ports & Mega-Terminals

As part of its objective to better understand and manage the impact of shipping activities on at-risk whales throughout the southern coast of British Columbia, the Vancouver Fraser Port Authority’s initiative, the Enhancing Cetacean Habitat and Observation (ECHO) Program launched a trial in which ship operators voluntarily reduced vessel speed.

  Environment, Health & Safety


Natural Disaster Risk: Geospatial Assessments for Resilient Infrastructure

  PTI Edition 74 - AI & Automation

Natural disasters, such as coastal hurricanes and rainfall flooding, can create major impacts on marine transportation. Ports and port cities will also be increasingly threatened by tsunami and climate-related sea level rise (SLR) by year 2100.

  Environment, Health & Safety, Port Focus, Supply Chain, Terminal Logistics


Responding to Environmental Regulation

  PTI Edition 74 - AI & Automation

IMO Member States will in June 2017 begin to develop a strategy to reduce CO2 emissions from the international shipping sector, in line with the ambitious spirit of the Paris Agreement on climate change

  Environment, Health & Safety, Supply Chain


Research Paper: Gamification Reshapes the Global Economy

  Edition Online

Gamification can be seen as a new element in the technological revolution that can change the way people interact with technology and the way technology gets integrated with the current needs of the global economy and society

  Automation and Optimisation, Port & Maritime Training, Emulation Training, Port Management Training, Simulation Training, Port Focus, Terminal Logistics


Demand-Driven Port Development

  PTI Edition 73 - The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue

The ultimate reason to develop ports is to stimulate exports or imports, not to satisfy shipping companies. However, most ports are very attentive to the demands of their customers – too attentive. Sure enough, not providing satisfactory services could mean that shipping companies call another port.

  Finance, Global Terminal Operators, Mega Ship Ready, Port Planning, Design & Construction, Terminal Logistics, Warehousing and Logistics


The New Era of Container Shipping

  PTI Edition 73 - The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue

In the new era we see, vendors of solutions will date to venture out their niches and look for solutions that connect and interchange information in real time to provide actionable visibility and enable efficient decision making. These solutions will be possible because new standards for information exchange and a set of common semantics have evolved.

  Automation and Optimisation, Environment, Health & Safety, Finance, Global Terminal Operators, Mega Ship Ready, Port & Maritime Training, Terminal Logistics


Seen But Not Heard

  PTI Edition 73 - The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue

Konecranes has been manufacturing container crane for more than four decades. In the beginning, noise wasn't a bit issue, because the ways it affected humans were less well known and residential areas were separate to ports. However, noise pollution has become a major challenge as urban areas continue to expand across the seafront, ports have become busier, and two areas have crept closer.

  Environment, Health & Safety, Global Terminal Operators, Port Planning, Design & Construction


Green Patrol Rotterdam

  PTI Edition 73 - The Automation, Training & Simulation Issue

The Hull Vane also has a strong impact on the wave pattern produced by the vessel. MARIN has measured this pattern - both directly in the boat's wake and at some distance. This is important for avoiding damage to the nearby banks. he model tests showed that when the Hull Vane was in place, the wave were only 7cm tall, while without the 'hydrofoil' the vessel produced wave heights of 10cm.

  Automation and Optimisation, Environment, Health & Safety