Technical Papers

2016 Update: Maritime Sector Logistics 4.0

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Environment, Health & Safety,Global Issues,Port Planning & Finance,Automation and Optimisation,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation

The steam engine. Electricity. Automation. The Internet of Things: these 4 terms describe the evolution of industrial progress in roughly the last 2 eras. The Internet of Things – also addressed as the fourth wave in industrial development, or as the ‘digitisation’ of industry – offers various opportunities to the port sector.

2016 Update: Singapore's Next Gen Mega-Port

  Hardback Edition 72 - The Journal of Ports & Terminals - Top 30 Technical Papers 2014-2016     Port Focus,Port Planning, Design & Construction,Environment, Health & Safety,Global Issues,Port Focus,Port Planning & Finance,Automation and Optimisation,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation

The port industry is a very dynamic industry. The modern Port of Singapore, being a forward-looking mega-port, is a good demonstration of how dynamic the port sector is. Singapore was established as an independent and sovereign republic in 1965. 2015 marks the country’s fiftieth anniversary, and within a relatively short time span of less than 50 years, the case of Singapore shows the development of a port from almost nothing back in the 1960s to the largest transhipment hub in the world today.

Innovation: The Route to Green Shipping

  Edition 71 – The Bulk Issue     Container Handling,Environment, Health & Safety,Container Handling,Environment and Sustainability

Connectainer and Intermodal Solutions is a developer of multimodal logistics and equipment, in this paper the environmental impact of shipping is discussed: we can say that maritime shipping is the most carbon-efficient way of transportation, but, should we be proud of saying that? The International Maritime Organization, in its Third IMO GHG Study 2014, calculated that total shipping emissions in the year 2012 were approximately 938 million tonnes of CO2 and 961 million for greenhouse gases (GHGs) combining CO2, CH4 and N2O.

Q&A: Jeff Main

  Edition 71 – The Bulk Issue     Port Focus,Environment, Health & Safety,Port Focus,Health and Safety

Port Technology does a Q&A with Jeff Main from Bollard Load Testing Ltd (BLT), discussing the importance of bollard load testing. The Bollard Load Testing equipment is the result of over two years research, development and testing by our marine engineering specialists who have designed a fully calibrated, and easily deployable way of testing the strength of marine bollards.

Quay Crane Cracks: An Investigation

  Edition 71 – The Bulk Issue     Container Handling,Environment, Health & Safety,Container Handling,Health and Safety

This paper looks into the issue of premature cracks appearing in container crane booms and girder structures in the TIS container terminal, Ukraine. At first sight, a possible reason for the problem might be using a grab for coal unloading, when the crane structural design was not created with this purpose. In order to check this hypothesis, we have measured stress fluctuation in the critical elements of the crane when operating with spreader and grab. After this, a comparison of the obtained results could be completed.

Green Bulk Loading and Transportation

  Edition 71 – The Bulk Issue     Dry Bulk & Specialist Cargo Handling,Environment, Health & Safety,Dry Bulk and Specialist Cargo Handling,Environment and Sustainability

It is clear that ports have a responsibility toward their environment and that port governance necessary should take care of effective logistics and operations. While in the past, the environmental safeguard was not an issue; nowadays ports worldwide consider the prevention of pollution a first objective, especially with import/export of dry bulk cargo (coal, grain, iron ore, fertilizer, etcetera). In this case, the risk of spillage and dust production is very critical.

Innovation: The Route To Green Shipping

  Edition Online     Port Focus,Environment, Health & Safety,Finance,Global Terminal Operators,Global Issues,Environment and Sustainability,Mega Ship Ready,Port & Maritime Training

Since climate change became a reality, goverments and private companies have began to work in regulation and policies that help to avoid the impact that the evolution in trade logistics is having on the environment


Container Weighing: Are you IT Ready?

  Edition 70 - Embracing Automation     Environment, Health & Safety,Global Issues,Automation and Optimisation,Port & Maritime Training,Container Weighing

One of the most pressing issues for all parties involved in container logistics is the new requirement from SOLAS that calls on shippers to obtain the verified gross mass (VGM) of all maritime containers before shipping. The main considerations with regard to this that one has to take into account are as follows

Efficient Terminal Transportation

  Edition 70 - Embracing Automation     Container Handling,Environment, Health & Safety,Global Terminal Operators,Global Issues,Automation and Optimisation

Interest in electric horizontal transportation at terminals is growing rapidly. At terminals utilising automated stacking cranes (ASC), the options are the automated guided vehicle (AGV) or the shuttle carrier, either manually operated or automated. As container movement between the quay and container yard is a potential bottleneck, the Kalmar FastCharge shuttle carrier offers a major advantage by fully decoupling activities at both ends. This concept provides greater added value depends on the characteristics and requirements of the terminal.

The Journey of CONTROLS: DP World Antwerp

  Edition 70 - Embracing Automation     Port Focus,Terminal Logistics,Environment, Health & Safety,Finance,Global Terminal Operators,Global Issues,Automation and Optimisation,Port & Maritime Training

TBA is proudly celebrating ‘10 years CONTROLS’. In a series of articles, The Journey of CONTROLS will take you around the world, bringing you to various terminals who are using emulation and sharing their stories. In this second episode, we will write about the usage of CONTROLS at DP World (DPW) Antwerp

Automating Ports: Mitigating Union Friction

  Edition 70 - Embracing Automation     Port Focus,Environment, Health & Safety,Global Terminal Operators,Global Issues,Automation and Optimisation

Although automation could certainly make sense for some ports, this could come at a cost: social costs, Olaf Merk explains how to mitigate those

Terminal Automation: Challenges in Systems Integration

  Edition Online     Port Focus,Container Handling,Terminal Logistics,Environment, Health & Safety,Finance,Global Terminal Operators,Global Issues,Mega Ship Ready,Automation and Optimisation,Port & Maritime Training

With an influx of mega-vessels into the maritime industry, new challenges are now faced by ports and terminals, and in an exclusive new whitepaper Dr Armin Wieschemann of Terex explains how challenges in the integration of different systems can be met

Providing Ports with Customised, Cost-Efficient Lighting Solutions

  Edition 70 - Embracing Automation     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Environment, Health & Safety,Port Planning & Finance,Environment and Sustainability

As ports look for ways to reduce operating costs, replacement of older lighting equipment can have a positive impact on the bottom line. Some ports operate their lighting over 4,000 hours a year, causing significant maintenance and energy costs. Musco’s lighting systems combine lighting, structural, and electrical components to ensure a trouble-free operation and a costeffective solution.

Condition-Based Maintenance: New Opportunities for Shipping

  Edition 70 - Embracing Automation     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Environment, Health & Safety,Port Planning & Finance,Environment and Sustainability

Preventive maintenance is the common strategy in the shipping industry: according to manufacturer recommendations and classification society requirements, maintenance plans are scheduled in advance so as to reduce downtime. It makes it easier to anticipate and plan resource availability (material, dock, human resources, and so forth). However this preventive approach is not perfect and cannot guarantee zero failure when shipping.

Green Port Infrastructure Pricing

  Edition 70 - Embracing Automation     Port Planning, Design & Construction,Environment, Health & Safety,Port Planning & Finance,Environment and Sustainability

Providers of large-scale transport infrastructure are under increasing pressure to regulate the behavior of their users, in particular towards sustainable development objectives related to the environment. Just like airport managing companies apply environmental factors such as noise emission parameters of aircraft into their airline pricing schemes, port authorities have been applying various schemes to provide green incentives to their users, mainly shipping lines, to reduce the environmental impacts