Technical Papers







The LNG revival in the US: Freeport LNG terminal gets OK and already looks to expand

  Edition 27     Dangerous and Hazardous Materials,Oil, Gas and Chemical Handling

As construction gets under way on a major liquefied natural gas (LNG) receiving terminal and regasification facility at Port Freeport, efforts already are afoot to as much as double the size of the project. As construction gets under way on a major liquefied natural gas (LNG) receiving terminal and regasification facility at Port Freeport, efforts already are afoot to as much as double the size of the project.


LNG entering port – with delays

  Edition 27     Dangerous and Hazardous Materials,Oil, Gas and Chemical Handling

One of the most dynamic changes facing seaports, worldwide, is the anticipated ‘gold rush’ in the building of new liquefied natural gas (LNG) shipping and receiving facilities in ports throughout the world, followed by the traffic these facilities will generate. According to data assembled by Pan EurAsian, the present liquefaction capacity in the world of about 146.5 million tonnes per year will increase to 366.5 million tonnes per year by the end of 2011.

SP001 Standard for Inspection of Aboveground Storage Tanks

  Edition 28     Dangerous and Hazardous Materials,Oil, Gas and Chemical Handling

In 1973, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) first promulgated the Federal Clean Water Act as 40 CFR 112. The Clean Water Act requires that facilities covered under the USEPA’s SPCC regulations develop and submit a “Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plan” that is certified by a professional engineer. The purpose of this regulatio is to prevent the discharge of oil into the United States navigable waters. Because the SPCC Rule includes facilities which may discharge oil into groundwater or storm run-off which in turn may flow into navigable waters, nearly all facilities that store or use oil products are affected.

Liquefied Gas transportation and terminals

  Edition 28     Dangerous and Hazardous Materials,Oil, Gas and Chemical Handling

Loss of confidence in the industry in one part of the world will undermine confidence elsewhere and threaten the reputation of the industry as a whole.These words open the SIGTTO Profile and are as pertinent today as they were 10 or even 26 years ago when the Society was formed. SIGTTO was established in 1979 as a non profit making company, registered in Bermuda and granted observer status at IMO in 1982. SIGTTO membership operates nearly 95% of the liquefied natural gas (LNG) tonnage and terminals and almost 60% of the liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) tonnage and terminals.

Quality Aboveground Storage Tank inspection

  Edition 29     Dangerous and Hazardous Materials,Oil, Gas and Chemical Handling

What is ‘quality’ Aboveground Storage Tank (AST) inspection and how do you achieve it? In industry today, you will get as many answers as questions asked. This presentation provides one view of current industry practice and guidance regarding AST inspection from the view of an experienced inspection contractor.

STI SP001 standard for inspection of small tanks

  Edition 29     Dangerous and Hazardous Materials,Oil, Gas and Chemical Handling

This article covers the development of a relatively new AST standard that addresses inspection for small petroleum tanks. While there are several existing petroleum storage tank inspections standards such as API 653, the standards provide little specific guidance for small field erected or shop built tanks. For the most part there have been no relevant tank standards that appropriately address the need for inspections of these tanks.