Technical Papers - Security, Surveillance and Detection


Maritime Cybersecurity’s Choppy Waters

  PTI Edition 79 - Smart Ports & Supply Chains

The nefarious hacker has been around for a long time, despite popular culture painting a picture of the hacker as a uniquely modern phenomenon

  Automation and Optimisation, Environment, Health & Safety, Security, Surveillance and Detection, Wireless Networks


Truck Appointment Systems and Reefers: Is There a Connection?

  PTI Edition 79 - Smart Ports & Supply Chains

In the recent decades there have been two independent new developments in the maritime shipment of containerized goods.

  Container Handling, Port Focus, Terminal Logistics, Warehousing and Logistics


Maximizing Port Safety: Mission Critical Communications

  PTI Edition 79 - Smart Ports & Supply Chains

Emerging trends in the global maritime transport industry are creating new risks for ports; this paper explains how mission-critical communication is helping to mitigate these risks, increase competitiveness and ensure safe, efficient and secure port operations.

  Automation and Optimisation, Mooring & Berthing, Supply Chain, Terminal Logistics, Wireless Networks


Port Community Connectivity: Platforms and Landside

  PTI Edition 79 - Smart Ports & Supply Chains

Collins has crafted a superb follow-up to his first paper by identifying why the coordinated discourse between market players and policymakers is crucial in the next wave of digital development in the container logistics supply chain.

  Automation and Optimisation, Finance, Mobility, Supply Chain, Terminal Logistics, Warehousing and Logistics, Wireless Networks


The Turning Point for Smart Ports

  PTI Edition 79 - Smart Ports & Supply Chains

This paper examines the strategic values required by ports that aim to embrace and transition to emerging and existing digital tools in order to remain a vital node in the world of global commerce.

  Automation and Optimisation, Finance, Mobility, Port & Maritime Training, Simulation Training, Port Focus, Port Planning, Design & Construction, Security, Surveillance and Detection, Supply Chain, Terminal Logistics


Blockchain for Maritime: Securing the Cyber Environment

  PTI Edition 78 - Linking the Supply Chain

This paper addresses the security element of blockchain, which promises so much in terms of securely connecting the supply chain

  Security, Surveillance and Detection



Cybersecurity and the Intelligent Supply Chain

  PTI Edition 78 - Linking the Supply Chain

The Journal of Ports and Terminals is lucky to acquire the insight of Captain Tucci one final time (before he retires), as this paper draws on his vast experience of security along the intelligent supply chain

  Security, Surveillance and Detection, Supply Chain


Major Maritime Cyber Incidents: A Review

  PTI Edition 77 - AI & Intelligence

While profoundly transforming society and business, digitalization has also brought growing cybersecurity concerns. The maritime business depends increasingly on various IT systems both at sea and in ports

  Security, Surveillance and Detection


Smartlog: Piloting Blockchain for Logistics

  PTI Edition 76 - Cyber Risk & Security

The SmartLog is a blockchain-enabled pilot project aiming to reduce overall cargo unit transport times in accordance with the EU’s targets for road, rail, air and water transport networks in the Baltic/North Sea region. These improvements are being made under its Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T) programme. SmartLog’s testing for the proof of concept began in June, 2017 in Muuga Harbour at the Port of Tallinn, the largest container harbour in Estonia. The project will connect some of the individual operators’ port management systems together with the blockchain solution. This is predicted to bring local operators greater awareness on how their performance ties in with the larger context of port operations, and give them solid insight into how to improve their interactions so that Tallinn Port benefits from the increases in speed and cost savings.

  Automation and Optimisation, Security, Surveillance and Detection


Better Cybersecurity for Port Community Systems

  PTI Edition 76 - Cyber Risk & Security

Maritime transport is of central importance for the global economy. In order to ensure the smooth flow of cargo through the seaports, electronic data transmission systems for ports, commonly known as Port Community Systems, are used. Port Community Systems are centralized information and data hubs for ports, integrating and distributing information from various sources for global supply chains. They connect companies and authorities involved in maritime transport, such as shipowners, freight forwarders, terminal operators, carriers, and authorities like customs, in particular by providing interfaces to their systems.

  Security, Surveillance and Detection


Evolving Cybersecurity: How Ocean Container Shipping Can Prepare

  PTI Edition 76 - Cyber Risk & Security

Digitization has brought many great benefits, but it has also enabled a new form of crime: cybercrime. It’s in the news, seemingly daily. Equifax, one of the three largest creditreporting agencies, suffered a breach that may impact more than 143 million consumers. The US Securities and Exchange Commission experienced a software vulnerability that, according to reports, provided a potential basis for illicit stock gains through its EDGAR system. In another high-profile incident, hackers injected a multi-stage malware program into Avast’s CCleaner, a software security program, in what appears to be a targeted attack on some of the world’s largest technology companies in an effort to steal intellectual property.

  Automation and Optimisation, Security, Surveillance and Detection


IoT for Spare Parts Tracking and Security in Ports

  PTI Edition 76 - Cyber Risk & Security

The ports and container terminals industry is under increasing pressure from growing volumes of trade, aging work forces, limited real estate availability, supply chain integration, regulatory requirements and capital management needs, to name a few. As an infrastructure-rich industry, ports and container terminals must continually manage their critical assets over their lifecycle to remain competitive to the global market. This means that effectively managing these assets is now more a high-profile activity than ever before. Businesses must have strong frameworks and tools to ensure success in operating in these challenging and dynamic environments.

  Automation and Optimisation, Security, Surveillance and Detection


Using IoT to Combat Smuggling and Theft in Containerized Transport

  PTI Edition 76 - Cyber Risk & Security

International supply chains are extended and complex. Many logistics service providers have tight margins and limited visibility in the end-to-end success of a shipment. The sheer volume of containers moving around the world creates opportunities for smugglers and counterfeiters. Theft of goods is an obvious problem, but quality loss, socalled shrinkage, or waste due to containers being breached, is less noticeable. For some commodities, a lack of supply chain integrity can result in the loss of sales as buyers of goods only pay for products on arrival due to the risk of damage or loss in the supply chain. Regardless of their role, all supply chain actors have a common interest in preventing delays arising from theft and smuggling through emerging Internet of Things (IoT) technology for the port container sector.

  Automation and Optimisation, Security, Surveillance and Detection


Shutting The Door After The Horse Has Gone

  PTI Edition 76 - Cyber Risk & Security

In 2011 the Port of Antwerp introduced an electronic release system (ERS), intended to replace the existing system for the authorization of cargo release, through delivery orders or release notes. The system was not mandatory, but was embraced by a number of carriers using the port. These carriers would send computer-generated pin codes via email to cargo receivers or their agents, as well as the port terminal. It was subsequently found that containers had been removed by a sophisticated criminal gang, who were using the containers for the illicit carriage of drugs.

  Security, Surveillance and Detection