Technical Papers - Security, Surveillance and Detection
The SmartLog is a blockchain-enabled pilot project aiming to reduce overall cargo unit transport times in accordance with the EU’s targets for road, rail, air and water transport networks in the Baltic/North Sea region. These improvements are being made under its Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T) programme. SmartLog’s testing for the proof of concept began in June, 2017 in Muuga Harbour at the Port of Tallinn, the largest container harbour in Estonia. The project will connect some of the individual operators’ port management systems together with the blockchain solution. This is predicted to bring local operators greater awareness on how their performance ties in with the larger context of port operations, and give them solid insight into how to improve their interactions so that Tallinn Port benefits from the increases in speed and cost savings.
Maritime transport is of central importance for the global economy. In order to ensure the smooth flow of cargo through the seaports, electronic data transmission systems for ports, commonly known as Port Community Systems, are used. Port Community Systems are centralized information and data hubs for ports, integrating and distributing information from various sources for global supply chains. They connect companies and authorities involved in maritime transport, such as shipowners, freight forwarders, terminal operators, carriers, and authorities like customs, in particular by providing interfaces to their systems.
Digitization has brought many great benefits, but it has also enabled a new form of crime: cybercrime. It’s in the news, seemingly daily. Equifax, one of the three largest creditreporting agencies, suffered a breach that may impact more than 143 million consumers. The US Securities and Exchange Commission experienced a software vulnerability that, according to reports, provided a potential basis for illicit stock gains through its EDGAR system. In another high-profile incident, hackers injected a multi-stage malware program into Avast’s CCleaner, a software security program, in what appears to be a targeted attack on some of the world’s largest technology companies in an effort to steal intellectual property.
The ports and container terminals industry is under increasing pressure from growing volumes of trade, aging work forces, limited real estate availability, supply chain integration, regulatory requirements and capital management needs, to name a few. As an infrastructure-rich industry, ports and container terminals must continually manage their critical assets over their lifecycle to remain competitive to the global market. This means that effectively managing these assets is now more a high-profile activity than ever before. Businesses must have strong frameworks and tools to ensure success in operating in these challenging and dynamic environments.