Today’s trainee is Rory, and it's his very first time operating a ship-to-shore crane. Yet, in gusting 40mph winds in a cab 53 metres from the Liverpool quayside, he's already moved five stacks of 40ft containers from a mega-ship sitting in the River Mersey to a waiting trailer below on the new £400m Liverpool2 container terminal.
Over the past 15 years, the ocean logistics industry experienced vast changes to business models, services and technology adoption. In 2016, the pace of technology innovation accelerated as participants sought business model optimisation.
In this globalised supply chain from the manufacturer in Asia to the consumer in Europe or America, the marine container terminal is a key link, where the cargo transfer mode changes from waterborne to land-based.
With the increase in vessel sizes, terminal operators have finally realised that they will no longer be able to handle mega-ships in an efficient and economical manner without some level of automation. Some operators have sought to meet this challenge by ‘automating’ specific portions of their operations; adding CCD-TV, GPS devices, sensors and automatic steering to RTG cranes and straddle carriers
Bigger ships mean more moves per call, which in turn means a logical requirement for additional berth capacity, or so conventional wisdom would state. This article contends that upgrading berth capacity alone in order to tackle mega-ships will lead to congestion throughout yard facilities. I believe that additional capacity can be achieved whilst avoiding the spectre of congestion by improving the efficiency of each quay crane at a berth and by increasing the number of quay cranes on one ship
The process within the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) to implement the mandatory verification of a container weight before it is loaded on to a vessel is progressing as expected. In a May 2014 meeting, the Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) approved draft amendments to SOLAS (the International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea) chapter VI to require the mandatory verification of the gross mass of containers, either by weighing a packed container, or by weighing all packages and cargo items and adding the tare mass. The requirements are expected to enter into force in July 2016. It is clearly stated in the draft amendment that the responsibility for obtaining and documenting the container weight lies with the shipper. This means that the burden to comply with the new regulations is not with terminal operators as such, but the situation - where many shippers will not have access to the facilities needed to fulfill their duties - provides terminal operators with an opportunity to offer such a service to shippers.
In this paper, Rodrigo Garro, Project Manager of gate automation provider Orbita, defines the term 'Big Data' in the commercial space and explains how port operators can apply Big Data practices to ensure that they can plan-ahead to make their operations more efficient and error-free.
Automated container handling is a recognised megatrend in the container handling industry. It started back in the early 1990s, when the ECT Delta Terminal, Rotterdam, began to use unmanned rail mounted gantry cranes in their container yard, with considerable success. The industry noticed, and investment in new automated terminals grew. Automated container handling technology developed quickly, concentrating on the cranes handling the intermediate storage of containers in the yard
There are now less than six months remaining before the implementation of the amended Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) rules requiring that any container to be loaded onto a vessel to which these regulations apply, must have its gross mass determined in advance through weighing – there are no exceptions. While the onus is upon the shipper to fulfil this obligation, the most practical location at which weighing can take place is at the ports and terminals, where lifting is a part of the existing cargo handling process.
Holman Fenwick Wilan is a London based lawyer firm for international commerce, in this paper the SOLAS amendment is discussed and how authorities will be publishing their requirements shortly for implementation and enforcement in their jurisdictions, leaving very little time for the industry to action these and be ready for July 1. It is clear that different approaches and timetables are being followed in different jurisdictions.
Simon Rush from Trimble discusses the SOLAS agreement, and it's effect on container weighing: There are many technologies available to port operations to achieve compliance with the new SOLAS amendment, including weighbridges and weighing systems for ship to shore container cranes, mobile harbour cranes, RTGs, straddle carriers, reach stackers and container handling fork lift trucks. Each of these options has pros and cons that will impact port operations workflow. Ports should consider the following criteria when considering options.
Cristian Navarrete Celis, Director at Global Business Support and Project Lead for the Global Introduction of VGM at Hapag-Lloyd. Cristian, effective July 1st VGM was introduced worldwide, here he talks with PTI about the problems and solutions that came out of the VGM switch over
Conductix-Wampfler is a leading supplier of mobile energy supply and data transmission systems. The advantages and disadvantages of weigh bridges and twistlock based weighing systems have been outlined in detail. Also, weighing systems installed on headblocks or in sheave pins versus spreader twistlock based systems have been discussed.