Containerized Logistics: From Dissociation to Reinsertion
Containerization has had an enduring impact on the relationships between ports and their hinterlands. These relationships shifted in time with a dissociation in the earlier phases of containerization and the recent phase of reinsertion with port centric logistics. Historically, ports and adjacent areas had a pronounced maritime support function with a clearly defined port district composed of docks, piers, warehouses and other related activities.
These are usually referred as first tier logistics since they are directly related to the support of the port’s cargo transfer. Low mechanization levels implied the usage of a large workforce manually handling break bulk cargo. This was a time-consuming process with ships spending a large amount of time at ports; in many cases up to two thirds of their operational time. Directly adjacent to port districts were the second tier of port-centric logistics, which included warehouses, distribution centers, as well as manufacturing, commercial and financial districts. Inefficiencies in port operations...
I already have a Free Member Account
Free Members Account Registration
Please register for a free members account to access all free content.
Once registered, you will not have to re-enter your details to download free papers.
Please note: You will receive an activation code via email. If you do not receive this email straight away, please check your spam folder.
Register for a Full Paid Members Account
Click here to choose from 3 membership packages and access over 1,700 technical papers.