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The Purpose of VTS: Efficiency, Safety and Environmental Protection

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Author(s): Anders Johannesson, VTS Training, Senior Advisor, Research and Innovation, Swedish Maritime Association, Sweden; Katie Aylward, PhD student, Maritime Human Factors Unit at Chalmers University, Gothenburg, Sweden

After World War II the rebuilding of Europe rapid progress in shipping. The industrial demands for raw materials grew and the requirements on the supply chain to be efficient and reliable grew as well. One of the obstacles to be overcome was as ancient as earth: fog.

Traditionally, navigating in and out of ports was suspended in fog and vessels anchored nearby until visibility improved. This would often lead to congested logistic chains. It became clear that the and experts believed the solution was radar.   

The big challenge was radar’s costs,   but what if the burden could be placed on the shore side? What if the port could provide their pilots with radar stations that could be used to pilot all vessels calling at the particular port?


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