In 2015, maritime trade reached a total of 9.8 billion tons globally, a volume comprising mostly containers and dry and liquid bulk cargo. Of this total, 4.5 billion tons are dry cargoes (such as coal, iron ore, grains, and bauxite, among other products).
This paper examines how the integration of three bulk decision-making problems are of critical importance to ensure efficient operation and use of port terminal facilities. This paper investigates an integrated problem of planning, product allocation, and scheduling, and looks at how the operations research and IT can be applied to find minimal cost solutions, which involve the use of efficient routes and reduction of delays in loading and unloading bulk cargo.
A careful and optimized analysis of terminal operations is essential to ensure efficient transport of loads. However, due to fierce competition and increased product flow, optimization cannot be more isolated, i.e., to ensure a competitive differential, low costs and deadlines, all operations and…