Container traffic has increased continuously over the last few years with only the COVID-19 pandemic giving container throughput at ports worldwide a slight setback in 2020. However, the forecast for 2022 and beyond shows growth is set to carry on with an increase of 3% from 2019 compared to 2021.
With the pandemic in mind and the possibility of even a port like in Yantian, China, closing because of the effects of COVID-19 it has made it mandatory to
adjust the way of daily work in container terminals accordingly.
Most container terminals have different characteristics like size, organisation, and purpose of the container yard. When it comes to the used equipment, we are talking about Rubber Tyred Gantry Cranes (RTG), Automated Electrified Rubber Tyred Gantry Cranes (AERTG), Rail Mounted Gantry Cranes (RMG), Automated Rail Mounted Gantry Cranes or Automated Stacking Cranes (ARMG or ASC), Overhead Bridge Cranes (OHB), Straddle Carriers (SC), Automated Lifting Vehicles
(ALV), Reach Stackers (RS) and so on.
RTGs and RMGs are the most popular yard machines used in container terminals. Today, many ports want to start the automation of these machines, or they are beginning to look into purchasing new equipment and what is needed to make these cranes most effective in operation.