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Mega-Ports & Mega-Terminals

PTI Edition 75: Mega-Ports & Mega-Terminals. This edition looks at the rapid expansion and digitization of ports to handle mega-ships.

Papers in this edition:

A New Maritime Operating System

When Port Technology’s Container Terminal Automation Conference drew to a close in April, 2017 two key discussion themes that had emerged from many presenters and delegates were disruption and collaboration: Disruption to business models and collaboration between stakeholders across the supply chain. Both are seen to be critical in keeping the marine industry moving forward.

Rotterdam Port: Port-Maps Let the Outside in

PortMaps is the Port of Rotterdam’s GISbased system for sharing port-related information. The home page of this system displays itself as a map of Rotterdam and all port data can be accessed from here. We believe that a spatial approach like this – à la Google – is definitely the way forward.

Empowering Mega-Terminals with Gigabytes

Ports must continually invest in infrastructure and efficient equipment to remain competitive. The largest ports in particular have made substantial upgrades to serve mega-vessels, for example triple-e vessels carrying more than 18,000 TEUs. Port container terminals have been transformed into mega-terminals capable of handling more than 3.5 million TEUs per year.

Securing Future Ports with Multi-Level Cyber Security

With about 90% of world trade carried by the international shipping industry. Ports are vital to the flow of commodities and capital worldwide. Terrorism that interrupts the flow of goods may have a severe effect on the global economy.

The Future for Mega Bulk Terminals

The world is currently experiencing a noticeable recovery in the petroleum and mineral resources sectors after suffering a major downturn for the last two years. This downturn saw market prices for nearly every resource commodity sink to such low levels that production was curtailed to minimal levels by many companies as they struggled to stay in business.

The Value of Simulation Training

During the last World Maritime Day on September 25, 2016, the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon sent a message: “Maritime education holds the future of shipping in its hands”. According to the International Maritime Organization, if the global fleet increases in size by 70% between now and 2030, the number of officers needed should increase by up to 850,000.

Electric Yard Tractors: Weighing the Costs and Benefits

The latest Clean Air Action Plan (CAAP) from the Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach (POLA/LB) has set a goal of zero emissions for cargo handling equipment by 2030. This has spurred a number of responses claiming that this goal will require enormous investment costs and will be onerous to achieve.

Port Everglades: A Framework for Cooperation with the EPA

Port Everglades, Florida’s top container port and one of the three busiest cruise ports in the world, readily accepted a challenging opportunity with the US Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Transportation and Air Quality (EPA) to partner and coordinate research and modeling for covering port-related operations, technologies, and growth scenarios.

Vancouver Fraser Port Authority: Asking Vessels to Slow Down for Whales

As part of its objective to better understand and manage the impact of shipping activities on at-risk whales throughout the southern coast of British Columbia, the Vancouver Fraser Port Authority’s initiative, the Enhancing Cetacean Habitat and Observation (ECHO) Program launched a trial in which ship operators voluntarily reduced vessel speed.

Yilport Terminals: Global Logistics Center Integrates Business

Yilport’s journey started in 2004, when Chairman Robert Yuksel Yildirim envisioned bringing world-class terminal service to his hometown in Turkey. The success story began at Yilport Gebze, and expanded to deliver a high standard of terminal operation worldwide. Yilport Holding Inc. was established in August, 2011 as a subsidiary of the Yildirim Group, become the first private terminal operator in Turkey.

Optimization Dilemmas In Megaship Handling

Competition between container terminals is becoming fiercer, and because of this handling fees have plummeted. Since it is becoming more and more difficult for terminal operators to maintain even mediocre profit rates, they are increasingly focused on optimizing resources like berths, machines, and the workforce.

Qingdao Terminal: Fully Automated to Welcome Megaships

This is the age of mega ships. These massive ships are carrying more cargo than ever before, and play a vital role in maritime transportation, dictating the future of the shipping industry. Just two years ago, the largest ship had a capacity of 19,200 TEUs.

The Panama Canal One Year After Expansion

On June 26, 2016, the Panama Canal opened its new set of locks, thus guaranteeing the transits of Neopanamaxsize vessels. After more than one year of operations, we have witnessed more than 1,700 transits of these larger ships, which are distributed among several market segments.

Automated Mooring For Stabilizing Megaships

As the number of large and super-large container vessels in service grows, port authorities are scrambling to service these vast ships in ways that are safer and more profitable.

Pakistan’s High-tech Port of Call

International observers of Pakistan often perceive the country in terms of its challenges; and, indeed, there are many. South Asia's second-largest economy is ranked 144th in the World Bank’s Doing Business index and faces a host of pressing issues, from flare-ups of insecurity, to power supply disruptions, to a shortage of financing options in underdeveloped regions.

Latin American & Caribbean Port Markets

In general, Latin America and Caribbean ports and trade are still recovering from several years of weak performance, particularly with exports from the region.

Undaunted by New Challenges, Busan Mega-Port Thrives

Shipping lines’ recent strategy shifts have strained market conditions, highlighted by the ultimate collapse of Hanjin Shipping in February 2017. Hanjin Shipping accounted for approximately 10% of all container handling at Busan ports, so its demise pushed Busan Port Authority (BPA) into the red, with total container handling plunging 0.1% in 2016 from 2015.

Port Governance in China: An Integrated Orientation

Recent Chinese policy evolution and directions on port governance have managerial implications for Chinese ports, local port groups and port bureaus. Three main principles underpin these policies: an increased focus on port integration and cooperation, a strong orientation towards hinterland development, and the opening-up of the Chinese port sector to both accepting investment from and investing in foreign entities.

Cartagena Container Terminal: A ‘Tailor-made’ Home Terminal

Strategically located at the entry point to the heart of the Atlantic Ocean, Cartagena Bay is home to one of the main port systems in Colombia. This is why reinforcing logistics services and upgrading infrastructure are the main goals for APM Terminals (APMT) and COMPAS in the Cartagena Container Terminal Operator (CCTO) joint venture, created in January, 2016.

Shanghai Port: Yangtze Growth Strategy

The Port of Shanghai is located in one of China's most economically developed cities, situated at the middle of the 18,000 kilometre-long Chinese coastline, where the Yangtze River flows into the sea. As the direct hinterland of the Port of Shanghai, the Yangtze Economic Zone contributes more than 40% of the GDP of China, as well as 25% of the nation’s total import and export cargos.

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