This exclusive edition has a special 8-page section dedicated to Navis World, which took place from March 29 – April 1 in San Francisco. The edition includes a new automation and optimisation section which includes articles by Navis Oscar Pernia on the forces driving container shipping growth and 'Google Glass'. As well as automation, there are more new articles in our 'Mega-Ship Ready' section, which was introduced in the previous edition, and delves into some of the issues posed by mega-ships and alliances.
Papers in this edition:
Wearable technology such as Google Glass can be used to provide new possibilities for port software solutions. Google Glass is an optical headmounted display (OHMD) that can provide a remote first person perspective so that a remote expert can watch through the eyes of an employee working in the field. Alternatively, a camera stream from another device can be connected and displayed on the Glass screen. The technology is also controlled through microinteractions or voice commands, making Google Glass completely hands-free.
The rapid growth in container ship size has resulted in China Shipping Container Lines' new 19,000 TEU vessel. This dramatic rise has seen an increase in the scale of liner alliances.
Large scale imports into the UK of wood pellets are driven by generators such as RWE, E.ON & Drax who have converted power station units to operate on biomass - mainly wood pellets. Lynemouth Power are expected to be the next to join this trend. The new demand for wood pellets is likely to exceed 12 MTPA, equating to the bulk carrying capacity of some 2017 Panamax vessels a year delivering to UK ports for ofloading, storage & forward shipment to power stations.
This article states that the most advanced ports move from trade-offs to win-wins, creating synergies between ports and the environment. There are four ways in which this can be done: Greening as pre-condition, greening ports as product differentiation, green knowledge = competitive advantage and green business opportunities (win-wins)
Cyber systems enable the US Marine Transportation System (MTS) to operate with speed and efficiency, however there is the potential for vulnerabilities. Good practice in terms of port cyber security can reduce the risk of your IT infrastructure being breached.
Persistent low-level crime & the threat of terrorism at ports & terminals are big security issues for Port Facility Security Officers ( PFSO ), which are often overshaddowed by the threat shipping faces from maritime piracy. Robust security plans must be in place at all levels in ports & terminals, that surpass the requirements of the International Ship & Port Facility Security ( ISPS ) code.
Temperature control is a component of containerisation that has continued to rise in importance with international trade. A cold chain industry has emerged to service the growing consumption of perishable goods from around the world. Refrigerated containers or reefers account for a growing share of the world's refrigerated cargo.
Automation is widely accepted as the way towards improved productivity, safety, efficiency and competitiveness in today's container ports and terminals. Automation projects revolve around an ideal implementation encompassing the following: • Minimal operational downtime • Shortest time to value • Improving operational performance • Maintaining reliability.
Considering the numerous challenges and risks concerning the buying and operating of a 24,000 TEU vessel, it is likely that the next generation will not be launched before 2020. In the meantime, terminals need to learn to service the present generations with far greater efficiency, whilst at the same time preparing for the inevitable day ship capacities make the next generational leap
The Port of South Louisiana is fortunate to sit where it does, sprawling over 86 kilometres on the lower Mississippi River with a high concentration of facilities located along its banks that can access 33 of the nation’s states via the inland waterway system. With low, stable prices on a copious amount of natural gas, it is a crucial element that makes the Port of South Louisiana very attractive to industries looking to locate to the ‘River Region’.
India is one of the most attractive contemporary economic investment destinations and has emerged as a preferred hub for global trade activities. This paper explores how the port & terminals sector has today opened doors for private port equipment manufacturers, technology providers and also private port developers and operators on a positive scale.
Each year Musco works with thousands of customers from every corner of the globe to engineer, design, install, monitor and maintain LED and HID systems that meet their specific needs. Whether it’s international speedways, NFL stadiums, San Francisco’s Bay Bridge, the Statue of Liberty, or some of the largest and busiest ports, airport terminals and transportation hubs in the world; innovation and customisation is at the heart of Musco’s solutions
Numerous oil and gas companies are addressing the challenge of marine pipeline protection through policies and procedures that can now be augmented by the use of Automatic Identification System (AIS)-based vessel-tracking tools. These tools enable companies to proactively monitor and control encroachment on marine pipelines, helping to pre-empt problems before they occur.
Historically, port infrastructure has been designed to accommodate a certain size and type of vessel. This paper explores the impact of vessels continuing to grow larger and more diverse, on the demands placed on a ports infrastructure.
Though some models existed earlier, modern Portable Pilot Units (PPUs) have come on in leaps and bounds since the turn of the century. This article looks at the development of Navicom Dynamics’ PPUs as well as some sample situations where PPUs were used to improve safety and/or efficiency.
Recent advances in battery power technology have led to the emergence, as with ZeroCat, of battery units capable of propelling ships. This in turn has resulted in a new and growing requirement for equipment capable of re-charging ships’ battery power packs while they are berthed. Cavotec’s extensive expertise in this field supports operators and engineering contractors to define the optimum APS system according to the individual requirements of specific applications and vessels.
This article looks at the traditional way processes are still run and involve a lot of paper and manual work. Driving process automation requires a TOS that does not put any constraints on a terminal’s objectives and optimisation targets. Automated vessel planning and automated yard planning have been in place for a long time already, yet even automated vessel planning is a rather static process in a dynamic environment.
Bigger ships mean more moves per call, which in turn means a logical requirement for additional berth capacity, or so conventional wisdom would state. This article contends that upgrading berth capacity alone in order to tackle mega-ships will lead to congestion throughout yard facilities. I believe that additional capacity can be achieved whilst avoiding the spectre of congestion by improving the efficiency of each quay crane at a berth and by increasing the number of quay cranes on one ship.
Learning by doing with simulation games is the upcoming training method of this century. This paper explores how port operators can familiarise themselves with high-risk scenarios, by practicing serious games that recreate real-life complex situations.
Ever since antiquity, ports have been the engines of growth, peace and prosperity. Trans-Pacific and Europe-Asia maritime transport and navigation are of particular interest as this makes up such a high percentage of global trade.
Versiant has developed a smartphone application called Lynx Mobile that integrates directly with Navis’s Express and N4 versions of their TOS. Its realtime integration gives sub-second responses to any query without impacting the normal processing of the TOS. Several terminals have deployed this new technology including: Global Terminals, Maher Terminals LLC, PNCT, Ports America Chesapeake, Port of Houston Authority and Yusen Terminals
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey is an organisation that has been tasked with the planning of transportation to provide economic development at a time when there has been a record increase in passengers and cargo volume. One way to leverage operating costs resulting from this increase in volume is through the use of radio frequency identification (RFID) technologies.
The Port of Hamburg is one of the biggest hot-spots for the movement of goods in Germany, and Europe’s second largest container hub. In 2013, around 130 million tonnes were handled at Hamburg in seaborne foreign trade. Container throughput was the strongest segment of this, with 9.3 million TEU handled over the year.
By utilising the historical data of the past, we can forecast future possible changes in port and maritime traffic. There are certain rules by which ports gain or lose connectivity and these can be measured and compared in different contexts.
There is real concern that the need to comply with new rules – including the IMO sulphur regulations - may inhibit a sustainable recovery just as soon as it gets started. The estimated cost of compliance by the global shipping industry is expected to amount to over $500 billion dollars over the next ten years, and this is a very conservative estimate given the uncertainty about the long term costs of low sulphur fuel. The cost of implementing the global cap after 2020 could easily be $70 billion a year
A port represents an incredibly hostile environment for wireless communication. The challenge of covering vast distances with a wireless signal is compounded by containers that are constantly moving around, creating the worst case scenario. But these are obstacles that can be surmounted through the right partners and the appropriate technology, and by understanding the benefits of improving their wireless infrastructure, ports are moving towards a more integrated solution
The last few years have left the maritime and port industry at a turning point: ‘grandma’s shipping market’ is being driven by the same principles but with new dynamics. Firstly, maritime shipping remains a derived demand, but there is a geographical and functional divergence of this demand. The trade factors that have supported the growth of maritime shipping are much less dynamic than before the financial crisis. The growth prospects that the industry has been familiar with and has come to expect are now much more uncertain
Most studies and models on the port-city interface focus on the inevitable process in which ports and cities grow apart, both spatially and economically. What is often overlooked is the relationships that remain in the form of maritime business services (finance, insurance, legal).
Container shipping operations are changing and efficiency is now of paramount importance to both shipping lines and container terminal operators. Operational practices, tools and industry paradigms are being tested by fundamental forces at every turn.
In today’s port arena, authorities and planners are tasked with ensuring ports investments and operations are durable and fit to future challenges. The need to combine efficient, lucrative operations with a productive and sustainable future is one of the major demands terminal planners are facing.