This exclusive edition includes a new section entitled 'Mega-ship Ready' which looks at the challenges facing ports and terminals as the size of container vessels get larger. Edition 64 also includes articles from some of the most esteemed names in the industry, including TBA, who have regularly contributed articles to PTI and a special piece in this issue that looks at games-training as a solution for container-terminal planners.
Papers in this edition:
This organisational feature looks at Smiths Detections' mobile cargo scanner HCVM T x-ray system for detecting smuggling threats at Luxembourg customs. Its material discrimination capability enables a high level of steel penetration so complete vehicles can be scanned, thereby increasing effectiveness.
This article looks at the Port of Long Beach's environmental policies, which aim to place Long Beach as one of the most environmentally-friendly sea ports in the world. The Port of Long Beach's 'Green Port Policy' has helped to guide its environmentally-friendly port operations, as well as the 'Green Flag' and 'Green Ship' programmes that support the Green Port Policy. Shore power is also important for lowering emissions at the Port of Long Beach and further supports its Green Port Policy
An environmental paper focusing on Laem Chabang International Terminal (LCIT) and its role in preserving the environment. LCIT currently uses rubber-tyred gantry cranes (RTGs) with lithium batteries in order to save fuel. Hybrid RTGs are also an efficient alternative as they use less fuel per hour and hybrid RTGs can help to lower carbon footprint. RTGs are equipped with prismalence lights at LCIT and these RTGs can help to reduce energy consumption at ports by 3,900 watts, making it a more eco-friendly solution
Superstorms and rising sea levels pose the highest risk for seaports. Ports and their stakeholders must now plan ahead in order to circumvent the risks and consequences associated with super storms and the rise in sea levels. A more visionary approach is necessary to prepare for climate change and ports need to become more resilient if they are to mitigate risk and increase the safety for port operators. As storms and sea levels can occur simultaneously, better leadership is required to improve resilience
This article focuses on the safe navigation of ships transitting the straits of Malacca and Singapore (SOMS). A pamphlet entitled 'Safe Passage: The Straits of Singapore and Malacca was launched to enhance navigational safety through the SOMS. The pamphlet offers guidelines and best practices for reducing ship collisions along the SOMS and the importance of following international regulations.
The advancement of fishing activity further offshore also leads to the restriction of the navigable space available to shipping. Finally, the present situation is further compounded by a shortage of officers.
This article looks at a number of e-navigation initiatives that were inspired by the IMO's own e-navigation project are designed to improve safety and efficiency while navigating the ocean. Projects such as the 'Maritime Cloud' and the Accessibility for Shipping, Efficiency Advantages and Sustainability (ACCSEAS) are both examples of eco-friendly e-navigation initiatives. The future of e-navigation will depend on whether legal aspects are addressed
In this article, Chris Stoeck, the Port of Antwerp's Strategy and Analysis Manager looks at the reasons behing the Port of Antwerp's surge in petro chemical growth, specifically liquid bulk. Between 2012 and 2013, liquid bulk handled at the Port of Antwerp rose by 31.9%. In addition to petrochemical and liquid bulk increases at the Port of Antwerp, the industry has also seen a surge in petrochemical volumes within the industry
This white paper looks at the approaches that ports can take to implement small-scale LNG intiatives. When implementing LNG, port infrastructure, the wider supply chain, and end-users must all be aligned, particularly in the safety approach. Conventional LNG practices should be adhered to while ports consider small-scale LNG projects, with an alternative approach being to focus on an economical which passes a suitable quantitative risk assessment
The telescopic chute is an ideal solution in preventing the common problem of breaking particles, as well as minimising dust generation when loading bulk material. In the Titan case this was totally avoided thanks to the loading operation which consisted of the vessel hatch covers being completely closed, similar to a loading operation effectuated on a closed silo. The design of a telescopic chute ensures that material particles are kept in mass flow form and at low velocity.
This organisational feature looks at Bedeschi's solutions for improving bulk operations at ports and terminals. Bedeschi has outlined multiple case studies for examining ship loading at ports and solutions for improving customer service. During the shiploading process, a shiploader moves along a quay on a portal travelling device and then receives the bulk material, along the fixed quay gallery belt conveyor, a process in which Bedeschi has become adept
A technical paper focusing on the issues and solutions relating to high dust emissions in the port arena. The writer goes into more detail the potential hazards of dust within a port environment and offers practical solutions that ports can implement to lower dust emissions, including: prevention at the source, prevention during dust handling, dust containment, suppression, and extraction and collection. Dust testers can also be used to evaluate the level of dust from different sources
This technical paper looks at the process of electrifying RTGs in container terminals so that they can benefit from cost-savings and increased productivity. Container terminals now have the option of electrying RTGs into ERTGs and with advances in terminal operating systems, container terminals can benefit from improved training for RTG staff. A key method for helping container terminals implement eRTGs is to introduce a platform to develop remotely operated eRTGs
An organisational feature that looks at TMEIC's role in helping the Georgia Ports Authority (GPA) install their Maxspeed electrical drive systems to upgrade six ship-to-shore cranes. Located at the Garden City Terminal at the Port of Savannah, the cranes were installed after the GPA identified a need for more efficient container movement. The Maxspeed crane control system uses adjustable speed drives to allow the GPA to better control the speed and direction of crane motors
The second part to Globe Tracker's wireless tracking and monitoring solution looks at its Globe Tracker Communications Unit (GT Comm. Unit) as the key piece of software that is driving its container tracking initiative. Globe Tracker's GT Comm. Unit is designed to be permanently installed, whether this be on a cargo container or truck trailer. Being battery-powered, the GT Comm. Unit is completely anonymous and is compatible with Globe Tracker's portfolio of wireless technology
A technical paper looking at diesel-electric drive trains for reducing the impact of port operations on the envionment. Drive train selection can be a complicated process for terminal managers. Battery-electric drive trains offer better economics than diesel-engines, however prices are constantly fluctuating
A technical paper looking at the progress of the IMO's regulation to verify the weight of containers before they are loaded onto ships. Under SOLAS - the regulation that requires madatory verification of container weight - there are two methods shippers can follow: verification of container weight after loading and sealing, or weighing all packages and cotnainers. Weigh bridges are an option or twist-lock sensors, which only weighs the gross mass of a container's weight.
A technical paper looking at new new port-business models for achieving higher port profitability. Port In order to achieve the business benefits, ports cannot stick to fixed-variable cost-modelling. Accenture has introduced an activity-based costing approach to help port clients improve asset efficiency and maintain performance. Port operators are now advised to follow on with modelling technology to support data analysis and improve port profitability
A technical paper focusing on TBA's virtual terminal emulation solution for improving the training given to container terminal staff. Serious 'real game' training has been proposed to allow container terminal operator staff to make accurate decisions in a safer environment. A mature virtual reality tool and a properly designed training process are key to designing a process that is both serious and didactic; two key elements required to harmonise the virtual training process
This article looks at the Georgia Port Authority (GPA's) transition from using diesel-powered cranes to electric in a bid to boost efficiency and lower operating costs. The transition from diesel to electric was apparent in ship-to-shore cranes, and now the port is applying the same technology to its rubber-tyred gantry cranes, with the benefits anticipated to be noticeable after approximately five years. Microgrids are also a solution to be considered by GPA for further reducing costs
Both capital expenditure and operating expense figures would concern any investor in the shipping industry. Massive investment in assets, port expenses, high stevedoring costs, extraordinary bunkerfuel costs (definitively not recovered by the bunker adjustment factor (BAF)), vessel damage cost not recovered from terminals, and evermore security and environmental regulations all collate to keep moving costs upwards
Container shipping has become an essential driver in reshaping global supply chains. It has created global sourcing strategies, pull logistics strategies and the development of global production networks. New supply chain practices have increased the requirements on container shipping in terms of frequency, schedule reliability, global coverage of services, rate setting and environmental performance
Since the first fully cellular container vessels of the early 1970s commenced service, we have experienced container ship capacities increasing from 2,400 TEU (240m long) to the latest generation of 18,000 TEU (400m long). In time, ship capacities could even reach 24,000 TEU (456m long). Container terminals have historically built berths to be anywhere between 300 and 360m, so it seems that the new generations of ships may have become too large for contemporary berths
The rapid pace at which container vessels are growing is affecting the entire supply chain. While cargo owners have the ability to adjust their business processes to accommodate mega vessels, ports, which are fixed assets with limited resources, are not as nimble. Even for ports that will not see mega vessels calling at their terminals any time soon, the arrival of larger ships is creating a cascading effect. Ships being replaced by mega vessels on major trade lanes are being deployed in the smaller trade routes
A technical article looking at enterprise asset management (EAM) and enterprise resource planning (ERP) solutions for monitoring the requirements of a port or container terminal. EAM solutions can provide ports and terminals key information regarding work order cost and work order down time. EAM also provides greater insight into port and terminal asset performance. ERP solutions offer ports and terminals a holistic solution for meeting business needs, and an edge in terminal management
The RobLog container unloading concept has been designed to allow safer and more efficient unloading of shipping containers. RobLog is able to unload containers which are chaotically packed, such as parcels, sacks and tyres, in order to optimise logistics processes and make the unloading of shipping containers and reach a new level of automation. RobLog's ability to grab a sack and unload containers in this way facilitates safe unloading decisions
In many parts of the world, offshore ports can be the perfect solution for meeting the requirements of the rapid changes in the international container and bulk shipping industry. Bigger ships, changing routes and destinations require larger and deeper ports, which port owners and operators can be confident will be capable of handling ever-increasing sizes of vessels for many years to come.
This exclusive Q&A with Smiths Detection provides background information for the company and the solutions available for container ports. Its IONSCAN 600 portable explosives detector, a device with no special-handling requires. The IONSCAN 600 is Smiths Detection's radio-active technology and is cost-effective for preventing the transportation of explosives. Smiths Detection also discusses its iCmore threat recognition software. In the future, iCmore will be automatic
This Q&A with L-3 Communications & Detection systems outlines the cargo screening solutions that L-3 Communications provides to the port and terminal market. Solutions include ClearView software for integrating data from cargo scanning systems, the CX-Mobile vehicle for scanning cargo contents at ports and terminals and the drive through CX-Portal as a solution for tackling high cargo throughputs. These methods provide a solution for ports to scan cargo contents more effectively
This article looks at Dallmeier's Panomera Multifocal Sensor Systems (MFS) as a video surveillance solution for port's. The MFS system can be used in expansive areas at ports and an unlimited number of port operators can navigate across an entire scene of a port using the video surveillance technology. Port arena surveillance is complex, thus integration between Dallmeier's products plays an integral role to ensure that ports are kept secure