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Panama Canal Edition

This exclusive edition celebrating the Panama Canal's 100-year anniversay begins with a new section focusing on the Panama Canal and includes a brief history of the Canal from the first attempt at its construction to the on-going expansion project, as well as a guide to Panamax vessel sizes. Elsewhere is an exclusive section for port tyres, featuring interviews with GRI and BKT Tyres.

Papers in this edition:

Making a difference: LED floodlighting

Several ports have adopted high-power LED floodlight illumination as a solution to the many challenges they face. LED floodlights have a longer life-span than conventional floodlights and AAA-LUX LED floodlights are able to communicate wirelessly with a central processing unit, with each LED luminaire connected to a unique lighting control management system which AAA-LUX has supplied.

Q&A Rajiv Poddar, Joint Managing Director BKT Port Tyres

Managing Director of BKT Tyres, Rajiv Poddar talks us through his company's products and how BKT's range of tyres have been specifically designed for port applications, providing port equipment with the wear-resistent treads necessary to enhance port economics. He also talks us through the company's philosophy, markets, key growth areas and the rigorous testing tyres must go through before they are made available to customers in the tyre market

Port Fourchon police fights crime with IT

Port Fourchon has worked alongside Harbour Police to launch the C4 system to enhance security at the port. C4 enables the port to keep its law-enforcement technologies and assets immediately accessible. C4 can provide a platform for all those involved in enhancing the port's security and better assist the port's IT department in fighting crime

Dahua IP Megapixel solution secures Pescara Harbour

This article looks at Dahua's IP mega pixel solution for securing Pescara Harbour, Italy. Pescara Harbour includes a dock, a freight yard and a sea bridge that is one of the biggest cyclopedestrian- type in Europe and Dahua have designed ip-based video surveillance that corresponds with outside areas such as a port environment. Dahua's network cameras are also discussed, a power-efficient alternative to securing ports and harbours

Emerging Reefer Challenges in Latin America

In an effort to create awareness of energy efficiency in international supply chains and to establish infrastructure energyefficiency indicators, the Infrastructure Service Unit of the Natural Resources and Infrastructure Division of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean is conducting research on energy consumption and efficiency in terminals in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region and beyond

Pioneering Boskalis water quality adaptive monitoring in Southampton

Boskalis Westminster's pioneering water quality Adaptive Monitoring technique had not been deployed until recently in British waters, when the company embarked on a project on behalf of Associated British Ports (ABP). ABP awarded a contract to Boskalis for dredging parts of Southampton Water in a bid to significantly increase the draught for large containerships visiting the DPWS Southampton Container Terminal. An important part of the procedure was that any contractor should comply with ABP’s water quality strategy

Geospatial technology for faster emergency response

This article looks at the geospatial technologies available to ports to manage their daily operations and emergency situations. As experience in ports increases, geospatial best practices will continue to emerge; more ports will begin to incorporate geospatial processes such as geographic information systems (GIS) to mitigate the impact of events and allow them to resume operations. The US government are among those using GIS technology

The advent of autonomy – Munin – autonomous shipping

This article looks at the MUNIN concept of autonomous shipping, with the European Commission-backed MUNIN project underway to allow the autonomous travel of merchant vessels. For the MUNIN project to be successful, additional services are required to enable human interaction with the autonomous system. A solution to this problem is the shore control centre, which will allow autonomous ships to be monitored and controlled by a shore control team

Vessel Traffic Services (VTS): their role in efficient port operations

This technical paper analyses vessel traffic services (VTS) by dividing them into three separate VTS roles. The first is the VTS informational service, allowing VTS operators to guide ships to ports safely. Secondly, VTS operators will also use 'Traffic Organisation Service' to prevent dangerous maritime traffic situations. Lastly, VTS operators will use the 'Navigational Assistance Service' to provide vessels with timely VTS information for safer navigation when there is poor visibility, thereby preventing delays to ports

An evolving industry – Trelleborg

This article looks at the issue of quality in marine fenders, with further problems surrounding the under-cutting of fender prices. Trelleborg and its competitors are aware of lower quality and prices in fenders and appreciate that, due to the industry evolving, manufacturers are operating with more transparency.

Piloting challenges for neo-Panamax ships on the Houston Ship Canal

In this article, we take a look at the challenges facing marine pilots at the Port of Houston and the Houston Ship Channel (HSC) as the number of neo-Panamax container ships from the Panama Canal is set to increase in late 2015. To safely handle ships along the HSC, a two-way traffic environment is in place. Houston pilots will also carry portable pilot units (PPU), similar to a ship's ECDIS technology, except the PPU is much more advanced, ensuring that vessels are safely navigated along the HSC.

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) dynamics will drive new port activity

Conflict in various countries is affecting oil and gas supplies, as well as consumer and investor confidence in gas. However, gas has had the highest demand growth, particularly LNG, as this type of gas is supplied through LNG import terminals, instead of pipelines, to increase security. More and more LNG is being traded on a spot-basis and 20% of LNG is sold in this way per year, with new contracts not limited to single destinations

Singapore LNG bunkering – safeguarding standards and regulations

This article looks at safeguarding and regulations surrounding LNG bunkering in Singapore. The safety of LNG is directed by government regulations in order to promote higher LNG safety standards. Correct hiring of LNG staff is also an important aspect in ensuring that these LNG regulations are exceeded. Although Singapore has few competitors in the LNG market, its main focus now is to ensure that safety and reliability standards and regulations are maintained for future LNG bunkering operations

Bulk Fertiliser Handling Innovation for Ports

This article will look at some of the challenges in handling bulk fertiliser cargoes, particularly at discharge ports, and will highlight practical solutions to overcome such difficulties to improve discharge operations at the appropriate port of discharge. Terminal operators need to consider timely discharge of bulk fertiliser cargo to avoid incurring demurrage costs, as well as the correct handling equipment to ensure bulk fertiliser is discharged at optimal speed

The Future of Dry Bulk Handling

This article looks at Buttimer's principle of 'fit-for-purpose' mechanical bulk handling. Bulk terminals now rely on more equipment to handle more products but the increasing use of automation and sophisticated technology has not minimised risks associated with mechanical bulk handling. Buttimer's fit-for-purpose principle aims to consistently use the appropriate solution for handling bulk cargo in order to get the job done right repeatedly

Flexibility at Sharjah Container Terminal

This article tracks Sharjah Container Terminal's development since its inception 38 years ago. Sharjah Container Terminal currently has two Liebherr ship-to-shore cranes and three mobile harbour cranes in operation. With the help of STS cranes, four designated berths and RTG cranes, Sharjah Container Terminal has grown into a thriving facility. The next development at Sharjah Container Terminal involves the installation of two STS gantry cranes in Q1 2015.

Automated Reefer Monitoring at CTSP

In the spring of 2014, Container Terminal Saint Petersburg (CTSP) launched its automatic reefer monitoring system. These systems can be divided into two classes: systems whose equipment requires separate connections to the reefer container, and ones that do not require any additional actions. CTSP implemented automated reefer monitoring to provide quality monitoring of reefers without the need for in-house reefer mechanics.

High productivity with a new concept crane

A short but concise article focusing on Grup TCB's 'double boom' STS crane operation in contrast to the mobile harbour crane (MHC) to achieve higher terminal productivity. An MHC often takes up much more space on the jetty-pier than an STS crane, increasing the risk of congestion. Subsequently, Grup TCB proposed a new idea for the STS double boom concept that would enable four STS cranes to function at the same time to exceed 100 crane moves per hour (MPH), compared to the MHC's total of 80 MPH

Wireless tracking, monitoring and streamlining operations

This article looks at Globe Tracker's Yard and Terminal Infrastructure Network to enhance yard and terminal efficiency and the communications link to facilitate value-added services to customers. Globe Tracker's Yard and Terminal Infrastructure network is a cost-effective method for tracking and monitoring assets in ports and terminals. The solution functions using Globe Tracker's communications units that recognise and connect to a yard or terminal's infrastructure network via cloud services

Harbour approach channels – design guidelines

This article looks at PIANC's guidelines for the issues relating to vertical and horizontal shipping channel dimensions. PIANC's new report was written in collaboration with the IAPH and gives recommendations for the design of vertical and horizontal channel dimensions, while considering design vessels, risk, environmental considerations and recommendations for the manoevring area dimensions in harbours

Marine heavy-lift operations in China

This technical paper looks at the nature of marine heavy-lift operations in China. China witnessed an exponential increase in exported marine heavy-lift equipment after joining the World Trade Organisation (WTO), with its market share increasing by around 15% between 2000 and 2008. Moving forward, China must improve its cargo handling operations for heavy-lift transportation in order to satisfy customers. Leading shipping lines also play a vital role in China's marine heavy-lift operations

The Ukrainian crisis: Impact on the regional port system

Edition 61 of Port Technology International (February 2014) featured an article on ‘Dry bulk cargo in Ukrainian ports’. During the past months, the events in the Ukraine have hit world headlines. In this contribution, we discuss how current and recent events and developments in the Ukraine and the Black Sea region are affecting Ukrainian ports

Designing of the Third Set of Locks

A new set of expanded locks is being built near the existing locks at the Atlantic and Pacific entrances of the Panama Canal. After 100 years of operation the condition and performance of the existing locks is still impressive and significant as they will continue to operate even after the completion of the new third set of locks (TSL). The newly designed TSL will allow for the passage of larger post-Panamax cargo ships that can carry approximately three times as many containers as the existing Panamax ships can when traversing the canal.

The third lock expansion

In a 2006 national referendum, the people of Panama voted in an 80% majority in favour of expanding the Panama Canal. By 2016, the global shipping network could strike a very different picture with the Panama Canal set to perpetuate its standing as the vital vein of worldwide trade. The Panama Canal accounts for approximately US$9 trillion annually, with the canal connecting a total 1,700 ports. The Panama Canal is set to have two new locks by December 2015 to facilitate New-Panamax ships

Security Drone Cameras at Abu Dhabi Ports Company

This paper looks at the Quadcopter as the first security drone camera to be installed at a number of Abu Dhabi ports (ADPC), particularly Khalifa Port. The Quadcopter is a perfect solution to ADPC as it compliments over 700 CCTV cameras already installed at Khalifa Port. The Quadcopter allows easier monitoring for the harder to reach locations, allowing the drone camera to increase safety and security for ADPC employees and its ports

Threat detection and recognition

This article looks at the threats facing businesses who are transporting their goods via road, rail and shipping, as well as the threat-detection solutions available to organisations who recognise the need for securing their goods while away from the port environment. A proposed threat-detection solution was provided by the European Commission-backed ARENA project. ARENA sought to combine surveillance technologies in order to provide autonomous monitoring and situational awareness to enable accurate threat-detection accurately.

Panamax and beyond: the story of ship sizes

The size of the original canal locks have led to a ship size-specification that was long the standard for global shipping: the Panamax. The Panamax is capable of carrying 4,500 TEU and was soon followed by the post-Panamax plus that can carry 8,000 TEU. This increase in size has affected ports as they now have to be dredged to accomodate Panamax vessels, but the Panama Canal expansion means that ports can be at the centre of trade and will not be excluded by trade routes

Reducing VTS operator stress

This paper explores the relationship of VTS operator stress to workload, stress-management strategies, and how cooperative human-machine systems can reduce operator stress. The VTS trials detailed and the solutions offered are the result of work conducted by maritime group ‘Designing Dynamic Distributed Cooperative Human-Machine Systems’ (D3CoS) with the goal of creating methods, tools, and techniques for developing human-machine systems that reduce VTS stress and development costs and time

Dredging the Mersey for Liverpool2 container port

The owner and operator of the Port of Liverpool, Peel Ports, is investing £300 million for the development of Liverpool2. Peel Ports appointed dredging company Van Oord to carry out dredging work at the Liverpool2 site, which involves the construction and dredging of the quay wall, reclaiming land behind the wall and dredging areas of the approach channel at Liverpool2. An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was required with consultation with the Marine Management Organisation (MMO)

Trade-offs and their economics

Through the dynamic modelling of complex supply-chain logistics, many of the most impactful decisions can be understood as trade-offs, which relate to variability and are more continuous in nature. Evaluating trade-offs economically can help optimise investment once present asset capabilities have been exhausted. Evaluating continuous trade-offs can also right-size an investment if the investor is convinced that capital investment is necessary to achieving the company's economic goals

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