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Edition 59

PTI's new look fifty-ninth edition features our very first news digest, showcasing the top stories from our website from the last quarter. Notable highlights include contributions from the Port of Seattle, providing an overview of the Northwest Ports Clean Air Strategy, and BMT's Greg Fisk, who addresses the issue of climate change and how this phenomenon will have a profound impact on future port planning to help protect valuable port assets. Elsewhere, the Houston Pilots Association take a look at the options available to ports when considering their pilot boat purchase, and the London Port Authority discuss their innovative VTS training methods. 

Papers in this edition:


Ports as Sources of Prosperity for their Cities

The knowledge on port-cities is fragmented and specific rather than comprehensive and comparative, and in most cases not policy-relevant, a few exceptions aside. That is the reason why at the OECD they have created the port-cities programme and taken up the challenge to come up with a comparative assessment of port-cities: their performance, the impacts of ports on their territory, and port-city policies that have worked to increase the positive effects. A synthesis report with there main conclusions will be released in September 2013, some of there main findings are revealed here.

Training for the public’s strongest safety advocate

Kevin Gregory discusses the role, functions and benefits of a vessel traffic service (VTS). Including how they have evolved and grown exponentially over recent years with the advent of new technologies and processes and, as such, VTS is now widely recognised as a powerful risk mitigation tool that can help make waterways safer and more efficient. As the role, functions and strengths of VTS become more widely recognised there is a growing demand for high quality training.

The US Coast Guard revises vapour control requirements

With an effective date of August 15 2013, the US Coast Guard revised its safety regulations for vessel and facility vapour control systems (VCS) to promote safe operation in an expanded range of activities. Lieutenant Jodi J. Min, senior chemical engineer, Hazardous Materials Division, US Coast Guard, discusses the requirements of these regulations and what effects they will have.

Gorgon Australia: meeting every challenge

The Gorgon project was executed for Chevron Australia Pty Ltd, together with Kellogg Joint Venture - Gorgon. Boskalis Australia was involved in the early contractor involvement phase and was responsible for the design and construction of a major LNG harbour at Barrow Island, approximately 60 kilometres off the North West coast of Australia. The project included the construction of facilities for the transshipment of equipment, a 200- metre quay wall, a number of ‘dolphins’ and ro-ro facility.

Cargo volumes in the European port system

In this contribution we analyse the recent changes in the total cargo volumes in European ports as well as in specific cargo groups. We also discuss the relevance of focusing on port throughput as an indicator of a port’s success. This contribution is largely based on the author’s keynote presentation delivered during the annual conference of the European Sea Ports Organisation (ESPO) in Varna, Bulgaria.

Preparing for legislation on verification of container weights

When verification of container weighing becomes mandatory, there are several weighing solutions available, each with different characteristics, each with their own strengths and weaknesses. Lars Meurling, vice chairman, PEMA Safety Committee looks into this along with how terminal operators are concerned about how to comply with the upcoming legislation, and how it will impact on logistic flows in terminals.

Importing clean air at a port near you

Diane Bailey, senior scientist, Natural Resources Defence Council (NRDC), San Francisco discusses how much can be done to mitigate the severe health, air pollution and quality of life impacts of industrial shipping. Many major ports worldwide have led the way with technology innovations and investments in cleaner equipment. But what can be done to alleviate the air pollution that is growing with the rise of trade and smothering portside communities?

What optimisation means for terminals and ports

In terms of the marine shipping industry, one of the most accurate definitions of optimisation is: “The act of making a system, design or decision as effective or functional as possible.” Optimisation as a discipline is an ancient science best illustrated over time.

Embedded retaining wall options within port environments

A brief overview of the principal structural forms available for embedded retaining walls including steel and concrete piling elements, and lesser utilised materials such as plastic. The key benefits and limitations of each relating to strength, durability and construction techniques for port applications are also discussed.

Shedding LED light on industry

LED lighting is beginning to gain acceptance across a wide range of industrial users for its ability to drastically cut energy use when compared to traditional lighting technologies like high pressure sodium (HPS) or metal halide. But rather than its ability to reduce energy needs typically by 70 percent, it is the LED’s ability to eliminate maintenance that gives it the real advantage in the world of heavy industry.

Liquefied gas – the challenge for valves

To effectively shut off pipes when handling LNG, valves have to be reliable and their design requires them to be capable of coping with the special physical and chemical properties of this medium. Pump and valve manufacturer KSB has been producing butterfly valves for the entire LNG process chain for several decades and recently, working in co-operation with the companies Technip and Eurodim, KSB has developed an offshore loading system known as Connectis.

Selecting the right pilot boat

Today, one of the single most important and financially consequential decisions made by pilot associations is the selection and acquisition of the right pilot boat. In this article, Captain Robert Thompson, presiding officer at Houston Pilots, discusses the case of Houston Pilots’ recent pilot boat acquisition of the Bayou City,

Optimising pit to port supply chains

The pit to port supply chain is often the main cost factor of a mining and export operation. Therefore, it is essential that the selected transport modalities for the operation fulfil the short and long term goals of the mining operation. This article looks at how master-planning is essential during this process.

Integrated security through technology and manpower

As ports look to develop, key consideration must be given to the port security infrastructure and how change can offer improvement. The world of technology now offers a host of products that can be implemented across a port security operation. Amongst these, a few wisely chosen solutions, effectively implemented, can provide savings and process improvements long into the future.

Global Container Vessel Turnaround Times

There is a wide range of studies on port efficiency but curiously enough, these studies have never focused on turnaround times in ports, despite this being considered as a key indicator of efficiency. More often we see studies in operations research about queuing models of vessels in relation to port entrance channels and berth allocation and productivity, but there is a drastic lack of systematic reporting and analyses of ship turnaround times. This paper wants to fill this gap, by presenting an overview of time efficiency in world container ports in 1996, 2006, and 2011.

Addressing climate change in ports

In this article Greg Fisk discusses how he believes the key to effective climate change adaptation is through ports starting to consider and plan for climate change issues and vulnerabilities sooner rather than later before significant impacts (and the costs to rectify them) occur.

Analysing threats, policies and solutions in port security

Port and harbour security became an issue of growing concern in the wake of the September 2001 (9/11) attacks on the US, the attacks on the naval destroyers USS The Sullivans and USS Cole while tied up in the Port of Aden in Yemen in 2000, and the French oil tanker Limberg in 2002. Prior to these attacks the main focus of port security was often directed at landside threats such as the theft of cargo from containers, warehouses, or ships berthed in port. In 2003, a code on practice in port security was introduced by the IMO and the International Labour Organization and this document outlines the security requirements placed on ports.

Improving pedestrian safety in container ports and terminals

Ports and terminals can be a difficult environment to work within as they operate 24 hours a day, in all conditions, with multiple employers and contractors carrying out different activities. To ensure a container port or terminal is efficient different types of workplace vehicles have to be operated. It is the duty of an employer to protect the health and safety of workers and to implement safe systems of work. This article discusses some of the advantages and potential disadvantages of different safety methods and technologies available to help reduce the risk of workplace transport accidents.

Reducing diesel emissions and greenhouse gases in ports

This article looks at the collaborative efforts of the Port of Seattle, Port of Tacoma, and Port Metro Vancouver to reduce emissions from shipping and port operations in the Georgia Basin–Puget Sound air shed as part of the Northwest Ports Clean Air Strategy. In developing and implementing the 2007 strategy and likewise its draft 2013 strategy update, the three ports have focused on ensuring that policies are based on a solid scientific foundation, in collaboration and consistent with their long term commitments.

How India’s shipping industry is fuelling energy demand

India is one of the world’s leading importers of thermal coal, which is used to power the country’s rapid infrastructural growth and meet its increasing domestic demand for energy. While great strides have been made to further develop India’s coal mining and extraction capabilities, demand for energy is outpacing production. In order to redress the balance between supply and demand, we must look at the opportunities and challenges of realising India’s potential in the global energy mix.

UK sets global trend with water injection dredging

Water injection dredging (WID) is a relatively new hydrodynamic dredging technique, developed 25 years ago. WID has been gradually gaining popularity for maintenance dredging and other applications, because it is a cost-effective and environmentally sound solution to some specific dredging challenges. The very first purpose-built water injection dredger – Jetsed, was christened in 1987. Now, more than 25 years later, WID is used all over the world and Van Oord is the market leader in this relatively small but growing segment of the dredging industry.

The benefits of Telestack’s mobile truck unloaders

Telestack Limited continues to excel in providing innovative mobile bulk material handling systems to its worldwide customer base. This has been emphasised in the manufacturing and development of fully mobile systems for loading barges and rail wagons directly from trucks, wheel loader and grabs. This article takes a look at Telestack's extensive product portfolio.



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