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Edition 58

The fifty-eighth edition of PTI analyses Europe’s complex port system, and features exclusive articles on two of Europe’s major port development projects, Maasvlakte2 and Liverpool2, which are set to change the competitive landscape of the continent once more. Elsewhere, we head to Los Angeles to learn about the port’s Clean Air Action Plan (CAAP) as part of our new Environment and Sustainability section, and we review the 28th IAPH World Ports Conference.

Papers in this edition:


Q&A with Dr. Geraldine Knatz, executive director, the Port of Los Angeles

In May, the Port of Los Angeles took centre stage as the port community descended on the Californian city for the IAPH 28th World Ports Conference. The Port of Los Angeles executive director Geraldine Knatz was at the centre of it all, representing not only her hometown port but the International Association of Ports and Harbors (IAPH) in what was her final act as president of the association. Geraldine Knatz spoke to Port Technology International about how she plans to take the US port forward, whilst reflecting on her two-year reign at the IAPH.

Conveying innovation for the 21st century

Conveying has long been the preferred method to move large amounts of material from one fixed point to another fixed point. Belt conveyors allow a wide variety of materials to be moved safely and economically and result in the lowest environmental impact when compared to other available transport methods. This article looks at how conveyor systems have made great strides in design, capacity, flexibility and energy efficiency over the past two decades.

Improving straddle carrier safety through operational visibility and transparency

In a typical straddle carrier operation, what procedures/methods can be put in place to move towards a zero accident policy? It goes without saying that the operator should be properly trained. But how do you make sure that it is the trained operator that is driving, and what mechanisms can you put in place to monitor and review the safe operation of the equipment. Waiting for the next accident is not an option.

The sound investment of aluminium floating roofs

In 2004, PTI published an article titled, 'The installation of an aluminium internal floating roof is a sound investment' written Allentech's Bill Grimes. In this article Bill look at how the installation of an aluminium internal floating roof (AIFR) is an even better investment today than it was in 2004. In addition, if you already have an AIFR, he also discusses how a certain type of retrofitting is also a profitable investment.

Mind the gap – taking a joined up approach

Since the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) regulations came into force back in 2004, threats and scenarios have evolved that are significantly changing the shape of what we fight against without previous notice, as happens in many other industry fields. We simply cannot keep old schemes and make them last forever. So a continuous improvement approach becomes necessary, otherwise mistakes could prove much more costly than just financial damage. In this article, Noatum Ports' Jorge Martin says that bridges must be built between technology and people. None of them alone will provide the solution to our threats, risks or problems.

Biomass importation – a maturing market

The expanding market for biomass fuels seems set to increase in the foreseeable future and the importation and supply chain are rising to the challenges in the form of infrastructure developments. One of the key challenges associated with biomass management lies in the combination of handling a time sensitive material in very large volumes which require a relatively rapid onward transportation. These characteristics have required a review of how to best store these types of materials and to interface these storage systems with the rail network.

The need to protect port and marine structures

In this feature, Chris Lloyd, director at UK-based Flexcrete Technologies Limited, looks at the damaging effects of chlorides in seawater, as well as the aggressive action of waves and currents plus carbonation attack, which can drastically reduce the design life of coastal defences, wharfs and jetties, leading to expensive maintenance bills and at worst, force premature demolition. Therefore, as Chris explains, it is vital to protect port and marine structures against deterioration.

Taking the LEED in Portland

Located in Oregon on the US west coast, the Port of Portland has been building expertise in brownfield redevelopment, air and water quality projects, waste minimisation, clean energy and leadership in energy and environmental design, or LEED certification. From its headquarters building to its three airports, four marine terminals and five industrial properties, the ‘greening’ of the port is reflective of the community in which it operates.

Screening to prevent international trafficking of radioactive material

When potentially harmful products can be disposed of illegally, there’s money to be made quickly, and one can expect criminal gangs to seize the opportunity. Few substances offer the same opportunity for significant profit, and present as much danger, as radioactive material when it falls in the wrong hands. Preventing transport of such material across borders is a matter of utmost national security for governments.

Delivering the optimum vehicle traffic service system

In this article, Bob Hockham, a master mariner and former port operations manager, now business development manager at BMT Isis, a subsidiary of BMT Group, reinforces the need to undertake a detailed and independent risk assessment, highlighting the factors port and terminal decision makers should consider before procuring VTS equipment. He believes that vital elements of the process are both the vessel traffic pattern analysis and modelling together with consultation and workshops with the end-users, including pilots; recognising that experienced staff are the key to safe and efficient operations.

Guidelines for choosing a terminal operating system

At some point, every manager in charge of port or cargo terminal operations will come face to face with the question: what is the best way to increase productivity, reduce the frequency of personnel and equipment idle periods, improve document management and planning, and establish a proper system for reporting? Sooner or later, one will arrive at the conclusion that a comprehensive solution to this entails a real system, which is capable of establishing order not only for terminal operations but for personnel and documentation as well.

Telestack’s customised mobile ship loading system

Telestack has recently installed and commissioned a mobile materials transfer and ship loading system for Riga Fertiliser Terminal (RFT). The transhipment terminal, when completed at the end of 2014, will be the most advanced and safest handling facility for fertiliser in northern Europe.

Maasvlakte 2, providing ample space for the future

Maasvlakte 2 was the next logical step in the continued development of the Port of Rotterdam. In this exclusive article the project's managing director René van der Plas prvoides an insight into the planning and development of Rotterdam's ambitious multi-billion dollar terminal.

Moving Crane Operations: Entering the Control Room

Stacking crane operations have been handled from a control room for some time now. As we begin to see ship-to-shore (STS) crane operators moving down from cranes to control rooms, the question arises: what does this mean for container terminals?

Maximising the Potential of Simulators in Training

Crane simulators are a solution that has been utilised for a number of years, but the continued march in technology and the recent launch of the Liebherr LiSIM® has brought a new level of realism and efficiency to the industry.

Port expansion through land reclamation

When you sail into Rotterdam’s Europort and see the new Maasvlakte 2, enter the Khalifa Port and Industrial Zone Project (KPIZ) in Abu Dhabi or visit Hong Kong’s container terminals, it’s hard to imagine that these areas were once simply wide expanses of water. These port expansion projects are just a few of the many infrastructure developments that owe their existence to the wonders of dredging and land reclamation.

Places of refuge – learning from the MSC Flaminia

The recent incident involving the MSC Flaminia has again brought into sharp focus the problems that arise when a ship in need of assistance seeks a place of refuge. This article will examine this issue in light of the way in which the case of the MSC Flaminia was handled. This will involve a brief examination of the facts of the case and the way in which international law and the laws of the European Union address requests for places of refuge. The article will conclude with the lessons that can be learned from the case and what further avenues need to be explored.

Eastern Canada’s new ‘super port’

In this article, regular PTI contributor and maritime expert Harry Valentine discusses the impact of the proposed Melford Terminal and how Canada's new 'super port' has the potential to evolve into a viable international intermodal terminal in the years to come.

Recent traffic dynamics in the European container port system

This contribution discusses recent developments in the European container port system. We are particularly interested in the impact of the crisis on the port hierarchy in Europe. Are new container ports and port regions emerging as challengers of established ports and regions? Are some port regions in Europe gradually losing their significance? How is the balance between north and south evolving? How are new large-scale terminal capacity expansions affecting the competitive balance in the European container port system?

Speed matters

This article explores how some imperceptibly small changes during ship approach can mean the difference between a normal berthing and serious damage. It looks at the technology now available to ports and pilots which can improve skills, reduce risks and improve profits.

Re-rating aboveground storage tanks

In this paper, TIC chief engineer John Lieb considers the critical engineering aspects of changing the service or operating conditions of aboveground storage tanks (ASTs) and provides some insight on how the owner/operator can ensure that such evaluations are properly performed.

Port of Los Angeles, setting the sustainable standard

About the same time the Port of Los Angeles was developing the San Pedro Bay Ports Clean Air Action Plan (CAAP), it was also taking a hard look at itself and how to improve its internal track record on the environment. The result was the port’s Environmental Management System (EMS) – a lesser known, but equally significant component of its commitment to environmental stewardship.

New terminal quay to success

Douglas Coleman, the Liverpool2 programme director, provides an overview of Liverpool's new £300 million in-river container terminal which will be open for business in 2015.

Mega ships: positive asset or terminals’ worst nightmare?

So what are the consequences for terminals? The most obvious ones are clearly the design and capability of the quay (draught, strength) and the quay cranes (outreach, air draft). Less obvious are the effects for the yard, and the yard handling equipment. In this article, Yvo Saanen, managing director at TBA, discusses these issues and the other problems posed by the introduction of so-called 'mega ships'.

Terminal operating system selection

Thomas Ward, chief engineer at Ports America, discusses how terminal operating system (TOS) selection has profound impacts on both the tactical performance and strategic viability of the terminal, its customers, and its operator.

Leading facilities for the Indonesian coal market

The total quantity of coal handled in Indonesia in 2012 via Coeclerici floating transfer stations was about 12.5million tonnes, accounting for nine percent of the total coal exported in the country via offshore devices. This article looks at how the Italian firm has managed to achieve this impressive feat.

Fenders: minimising cost, optimising performance

The marine industry could be overspending on dock fenders - in some cases by only 10 to 20 percent but in many cases by as much as 80 percent or more. In this article, Ed Kiedaisch, technical director at Hi-Tech Marine Solutions, looks at the procurement criteria.

Considering marine conservation zones

In this article, Royal HaskoningDHV present their perspective on the MCZ process based on their experiences of the stakeholder projects, feedback from industry clients and, as Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) practitioners, the need to take account of proposed MCZs as part of the assessment of the impacts of new development and ongoing activities.

Addressing container yard safety

TT Club’s Laurence Jones outlines a typical cause/effect and prevention equation that can occur in container yard operations. While many of the features will be familiar to operators and manufacturers alike, it is unlikely that those that consult the recommendations will be aware of all the technology or operational processes. They will certainly not have encountered such a comprehensive guide to safety in container yard operation. The hope of TT Club and the associations is that these minimum recommended safety features will be adopted generally by equipment suppliers and buyers both on new and existing equipment to improve safety levels at the world’s ports.