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Edition 56

Our 56th edition of PTI looks at the growing number of global ports installing onshore power supplies, the much discussed issue of container weight verification and the relationship between economic opportunity and the upgrading port infrastructure.

Papers in this edition:

The Quality of Port Infrastructure Ranking

There is something about rankings. In sports, and increasingly in business, rankings abound. We have rankings of the best places to live, the most knowledge intensive regions of the world and the most competitive economies...

The UK’s port marine safety code

On 15 February 1996 the ‘Sea Empress’ failed to make it safely into port. She grounded during her approach and subsequently spilt 73,000 tonnes of crude oil near to Britain’s only coastal national park. The system for managing the risks associated with getting the ship safely in and out of the port failed – if the system had worked, the accident would not have happened. One of the consequences of this disaster was the creation of the Port Marine Safety Code (PMSC). Mark Capon, managing director Regs4ships Ltd, discusses how the PMSC, since its publication in 2001, has helped to improve maritime safety in Britain.

Reducing the environmental impact of port operations through onshore power supply

The Port of Gothenburg was one of the first ports in the world to offer onshore power supply with high voltage to commercial vessels. This is a technology that reduces local air pollutants, greenhouse gas emissions and noise to a minimum when using environmentally labeled energy. In total, one in every three vessels that calls at the Port of Gothenburg can now turn off its diesel engines at the quayside and use onshore power supply instead.

Fishing for pollution

SHOAL, the pan-European information and communication technology project, has successfully developed and delivered intelligent robotic fish capable of detecting and identifying pollution in ports and other aquatic areas. Luke Speller, SHOAL project leader and senior research scientist at BMT Group Ltd, believes that underwater robots will revolutionise the way we manage our oceans. He describes the key areas of major development and the significant role each of the partners have played in bringing these mechanical fish to life.

Difference between dynamic and static coefficient of friction

Drum brakes or disc brakes are well known worldwide. The simple and effective functionality of these brakes ensures a high level of safety at a favorable price-performance ratio if the brakes have been correctly dimensioned. The actuation of such brakes is mainly done by an electro hydraulic thruster according to the German industry standard DIN 15430. Unfortunately, this simple brake system has only one function-related defect, especially when used for hoists in cranes - the dead time.

The risks of port traffic accidents

People are sometimes aware of marine accidents, as ship groundings often makes headlines along with the accompanying oil spills and other unfortunate stories. While grounding accidents contribute to approximately one third of marine accidents around the world, the dominant accident type in ports is collision.

Using shore connection technology to meet environmental guidelines

This article focuses on the capability of the shore connection solution to reduce port pollution and help ships meet current and future regulations. It also presents the best compliant practices that will help ports, terminal operators and ship owners to make shore connection a safe, efficient and green investment.

Streamlining container handling with the GRID system

Container ports are a rapidly growing part of the world economy and currently face a number of challenges related to limited capacity, traffic congestion, security scanning and environmental pollution issues. Many terminal operators are looking for new technology to help them deal with these challenges. BEC Industries, LLC (BEC) is an engineering firm which specializes in machine design and development. BEC is focused on innovative material handling technologies for military and commercial applications and has developed a transformational material handling system that is ready for implementation into the container handling industry.

Prospects for navigable canals across the Canadian Arctic

While a trans-Arctic ocean route is presently navigable for a few weeks per year, Canada’s geography offers two possible trans-Arctic canal options that may extend the trans-Arctic shipping navigable season from a few weeks per year to several months per year.

Krishnapatnam Port, the coal hub of India

Krishnapatnam Port has just set sail and is already creating ripples in shipping circles around the world. This has only been possible due to its skill of building and operating the port to a very high standard giving the utmost value to all its customers. Its belief in innovating, improving and adapting to the needs of its customers is the successful formula in making it India’s biggest multipurpose port with an infrastructure and logistic setup of international caliber. In time to come, Krishnapatnam Port will be India’s largest port and will drive the economic growth of its region.

Finding the best solution for container weight verification

The general consensus has grown that universal container weight verification is a worthy standard, the key question has quickly begun to shift from whether we should we have a universal requirement to how we can best implement this commitment. Lars Meurling, vice-president and marketing director at Bromma, discusses the three general approaches that might be possible.

Climate change adaptation as it affects the dredging community

The Central Dredging Association (CEDA) is committe to environmentally responsible management of dredging activities and this paper – produced by the CEDA Environment Commission – seeks to raise awareness, to help the dredging community prepare for the consequences of climate change, and to understand how dredging can contribute to adaptation measures. This position paper firstly highlights the main implications of climate change for dredging, and discusses potential preparatory and adaptation measures in general terms. It then elaborates on specific climate change issues and adaptation requirements or options in relation to three typical environments in which dredging takes place: open coasts; seaports, estuaries and access channels and inland waters.

Using integrated technology to inspect quay walls

This article’s main purpose is to propose a new method to support the establishment of a first general structural diagnosis that helps managers in their decision making process regarding maintenance on quay walls. Our approach is based on a quick and complete scan of the whole infrastructure through an integrated multi-beam echo-sounder (MBES) and light detection and ranging (LiDAR) system.

The reality of assessing accident levels in ports

It is notoriously difficult to establish accurately the number of accidents that take place in ports around the world. Trade unions, which by definition prioritize the health and safety of workers above port profit, often find it difficult to pin down the exact extent of accidents. This is because in some instances there is a disparity between employer health and safety records and the first-hand accounts of workers on the ground. In a recent case, an employer was given an award for high health and safety standards, while reports from a group of workers accused the company of allowing them to work without appropriate safety equipment. Vastly differing health and safety requirements in different countries also add to this difficulty for a global union federation like the ITF.

Salvors help keep ports clear and open

There are many myths about marine salvors, not least that they are treasure seekers hoping for the spoils from lost cargoes or that they prey on vessels in distress. Nothing could be further from the truth. The fundamental objectives of marine salvors are to save life and property, in that order, and while doing so to protect the environment.

Port of Thessaloniki: A New Investment Era

The efforts of the port authority of Thessaloniki to modernise the port, and increase the quality of the services provide signs for a bright future. Since the beginning of the economic crisis in early 2010, total throughput of dry bulk and general cargoes has increased by 15.5 percent. The financial results of the company have been positive as well, allowing for further investments in the port’s future.

Industry standards for the X-ray inspection of cargo

Innovative technology for the non-intrusive inspection of cargo and vehicles has rapidly emerged over the last decade to become a significant factor in port and border protection and homeland security. Several hundred high-energy mobile and fixed-site X-ray inspection stations are deployed throughout the world to examine passenger cars, trucks, trains, and shipping containers that transport goods bound for international destinations. Behind the scenes, cargo screening technology continues to be a story of innovation and change, driven by keen competition and a common mission to improve global security.

E-navigation: The Future of Safe Shipping

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) is developing a strategic vision for e-navigation, to integrate existing and new navigational tools in an all-embracing system that will contribute to enhanced navigational safety. Gurpreet Singhota, Deputy Director/Head of the Operational Safety Section within the Maritime Safety Division of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), talks to Port Technology International about the progress of the project.

Chemicals in containers – problems and risks

The problem of hazardous chemicals in shipping containers has become a topic of major concern over the last 10 years. The combination of sealed containers and long journey times means that hazardous chemicals can build to a level that would never normally be encountered in domestic or industrial settings.

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