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Edition 53

As many of the articles in this issue demonstrate, all major container ports – regardless of their proximity to Panama – are being forced to reengineer operations and increase productivity. In this respect, there is more than one way to skin a cat, and several are discussed here.

Papers in this edition:

CCTV and IP surveillance

The security industry has long been synonymous with the term Closed Circuit Television (CCTV), but in fact the CCTV industry has been anything but ‘closed circuit’ for many years.

Trade Costs and Corruption in Ports

While there are many possible sources of inefficiencies stemming from the soft infrastructure of transport, recent research is beginning to document the role played by corruption in transport bureaucracies in driving trade costs. This article provides an overview of this research.

The future of marine terminal software

With restrictions on land usage, environmental issues and the sheer capital costs involved in expanding marine facilities, it is sometimes just not feasible for terminals to further expand the facilities they operate. Thus the pressure will be on delivering greater volume throughputs with the terminal space available. This is where the next generation software will play a critical role in the future profitability of the container terminals.

Port centric logistics

There remains some confusion about the meaning and application of PCL and this short paper tries to remove some of the mystique and to correct any misunderstandings. The benefits of PCL are undeniable, especially when faced with the problems of ageing infrastructure of large distribution centers located in the ‘golden triangle’ of distribution centers in the UK.

New paradigm on double cycling

Double cycling can improve productivity without the need for extra investment on current equipment and infrastructure. It merely needs manpower, training and research into operational methods. If research on double cycling is revisited, the crane productivity will be vastly improved upon, because double cycling can maximize equipment efficiency.

A leap in technology: fusion authentication

Over the years, there has been an evolution of identification and trust factors that today has resulted in the use of smart cards with biometrics and other security features. While we have begun to minimize the risks, we have not been able to create a comprehensive system. For the transportation and border environments, this leap is essential.

Khalifa Port: The Birth of a Giant

Khalifa Port is situated next to the Khalifa Industrial Zone Abu Dhabi (Kizad), a cornerstone of the Abu Dhabi Economic Vision 2030, an industrial development of massive scale, which is under construction and is intended to stretch over an extraordinary 417 square kilometers.

Modern energy and data transmission systems for terminal cranes

The international crane business had to critically review its longstanding development strategies in light of the 2009 worldwide recession. This particularly impacted worldwide transport of cargo by containers. Based on an important extension of globally operated sea terminals, national networked domestic ports and goods distribution hubs, the focus is currently on the modernization of technology already in operation.

Containers: opportunities and challenges

Believe it or not, we have been living and working in the world of containerisation for 50 years. Love them or hate them, containers have revolutionised the logistics chain and transformed many of our ports and the vessels that ply their trade between them.

Trade costs and corruption in ports

Recent years have brought an increased awareness of the importance of trade costs in hindering trade, particularly in the developing world where these costs are highest. The most salient type of trade costs have often been tariff duties and costs associated with the physical transportation of goods.

Rotterdam’s 2030 Vision

Innovations are of vital importance for the realisation of the Port Vision 2030, from process optimisation and chain integration in the industrial sector and the realisation of fast container cranes to increasing the sustainability of modes of transport. However, it is not enough to simply realise innovations and think up new solutions. The trick is to ensure that new approaches are adopted on a large-scale.

Remotely controlled STS cranes

The performance of STS cranes is a limiting factor in the achievement of maximum throughput in container terminals. The need for high performance has driven the recent rapid development of these cranes.

The Panama Canal expansion: business as usual or game changer?

In the Port Focus section of edition 51 of this journal, Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue and Dr. Theo Notteboom considered the question: the Panama Canal expansion- business as usual or gamechanger? They considered this question from the point of view of trade development, noting the ‘divergence of opinion’ on the subject due to the complexity of trade and the number of variables and feedback loops involved. Research by the authors of this article has looked at this question from a different perspective – what effect may the expansion have on ship design?

Analysing electric yard cranes with simulation

Electric yard cranes, such as RTGs and RMGCs, are becoming increasingly common in terminals today. Although RTGs have traditionally been diesel powered, there is a major trend in the container handling industry to shift towards electronically powered RTGs.

The preferred scale of container terminals

Both terminal operators and port authorities are interested in knowing the optimal scale for a terminal they are going to operate or lease. Container terminal operators are interested in the terminal scale as it will affect their operational cost structure and will have implications on the commercial strategy needed to attract container volumes. Port authorities are implicitly or explicitly interested in the scale of terminals in their ports in the context of the concessioning of port land.

Advanced security imaging technology

DebTech is the ISO 9001:2008 accredited technology business unit of De Beers, one of the top ranking diamond mining companies in the world. DebTech specialises in the development, manufacture, supply and worldwide support of innovative products and services for applications in diamond exploration, sorting and security.

Hamburg-Le Havre Range topped 40 million TEU in 2011

With six TEU millionaires on a coastline of only 500 sea miles and a seventh port to enter this league soon, the North Range is one of the busiest port regions in the world. A recent study conducted by the ISL provides new insights on the various traffic flows passing through these ports.

An operations perspective on new twistlock handling in terminals

What would be the impact on the container terminal industry, if containers were equipped with integrated twistlocks? A cost efficiency analysis demonstrates the significant cost savings to the industry and highlights safety, productivity and sustainability benefits.

Vessel Traffic Services – 64 years young

In February 1948, the first port control radar was installed at the entrance to the Isle of Man's harbour. However, it was probably the Port of Liverpool which pioneered European Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) when in the same year they set up a radar/radio station, in order to facilitate the boarding of pilots from their cutter. In 1951, Long Beach in California established a similar system to facilitate their port operations. Other major ports in Europe quickly followed.

DeepWater Horizon spill gives rise to OSR vessel surge

The recent DeepWater Horizon incident has brought into sharp focus the requirement for current, up to date contingency planning, the correct mix of anti-pollution equipment and well practised recovery techniques and crews.

New corrosion resistant steel grade for marine applications

AMLoCor offers a significant reduction of the corrosion rates in the low water zone (LWZ) and in the permanent immersion zone (PIZ), which is normally the location of the maximum bending moments, and consequently the highest steel stresses.

US port-related infrastructure investments reap dividends

By raising the priority of seaports and their connecting infrastructure, America can achieve modern, navigable ports with efficient intermodal connections, while creating greater trade and job opportunities for both today and the future.

Extreme Crane Upgrades

The Panama Canal is being expanded. Jumbo vessels, 23 rows wide, are being constructed. This means larger ship to shore cranes will be needed at many terminals. When a crane owner considers his options, he may be concerned that upgrading will not be feasible.

The Panama Canal expansion and its impact on world trade

The Panama Canal expansion is a project of global importance, designed to maintain the waterway’s competitiveness and enhance the value of the Panama route. After years of analysis and hundreds of studies performed by the ACP, the people of Panama decided that it was in the best interest of the nation to engage in a project that would not only guarantee the sustainability of its main asset, but that would also be an economic engine capable of offering a myriad of opportunities for generations to come.

The new Sydney Vessel Traffic Service system: a tailored solution

In 2007 Sydney Ports Corporation undertook a formal marine risk assessment of their Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) requirements, following which they made the decision to replace the existing system with the most up to date technology available from Signalis. This formal approach ensured all aspects of Sydney Ports port area and environment were detailed and assessed.

The buoyant future of fender technology

Floating docks and protective barriers cost often less to build than traditional fixed structures. They do not rely on heavy construction works, which can be costly and time consuming. Installing a prefabricated floating structure is generally much less disruptive to the berth’s immediate surroundings.