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Edition 52

In the 52nd edition of PTI we look at factors affecting the TCO in equipment procurement, draw up safety checklists for quay cranes and mooring operations, and take a look at the Port of Long Beach's new multi-sensor port security system.

Technical papers from each Journal are published online 3 months after they appear print.  Papers from Edition 52 will be published online in February 2012 when we publish the 53rd Edition of the Journal.

Papers in this edition:


Port business architecture – helping to improve business performance

In the 50th Edition we discussed the business complexities of ports/ terminals and the continuing pressures they face, which show no signs of abating. In order to help improve business performance, whilst dealing with these challenges we introduced the concept of Port Business Architecture (PBA). In Part 2 we look at how to implement PBA, further highlighting the benefits such an approach can bring.

Stockpiling, reclaiming, truck unloading and link conveyors

Typical operations in either developing a green-field site or upgrading a current stockyard operation would use a stacker/ reclaimer system for all their needs in terms of stockpiling and reclaiming of the bulk material. There are many manufacturers of stacker/reclaiming systems worldwide, with varying associated capital costs depending on the customer’s requirements.

An asset management view: the first automated terminal in the Middle East

Khalifa Port – the first automated container terminal in the Middle East – is currently being constructed in Abu Dhabi to serve as the main artery for Abu Dhabi’s continued growth. With 16m water depth alongside and an annual handling capacity of 2 million TEU, the port is well set-up to handle the largest vessels.

Potential for emission-free drives for vehicles in ports

Gottwald Port Technology GmbH (Gottwald) has set itself the task of developing a transport vehicle which is free of local emissions, offers the same efficiency as a vehicle with a diesel engine, but can be operated as economically or better.

The New Panamax and jumbo ships are coming!

The Panama Canal is being expanded to handle “New Panamax” containerships with 19 containers across the deck. Shipping lines are ordering 18,000 TEU jumbo ships, sometimes called “Ultra Large Container Ships” (ULCS) with 23 containers across the deck (Jumbo-23). Many existing quay cranes are not capable of servicing these larger ships. The choice is either to purchase new larger cranes, or enlarge existing cranes. Even some recently purchased cranes would require enlarging. This article discusses enlarging existing cranes: how much, enlarging methods, conceptual cost and schedule estimates, and other considerations.

ShoreTension: secured to shore at all times

Together with the Rotterdam Port Authority, the Royal Boatmen Association Eendracht (KRVE) has developed the ShoreTension System. ShoreTension is a mooring system used for mooring of sea-going vessels. The basis for the development was dramatic environmental and economic losses in a number of ports caused by drifting ULCVs. Therefore, the Rotterdam Port Authority required proper action and innovations.

Predicting and measuring waves, long waves and winds

Many ports and harbors experience occasions when energetic weather conditions lead to operational issues. These may relate to underkeel clearance for the entrance or exit transit, agitation at the berth due to swell penetration or longwave surge and high winds influencing vessel management for example. Effective planning for these activities requires reliable quantification of site specific weather parameters over short and medium (five to seven days) forecast range. To meet this need, a set of web-based tools (MOVs – MetOceanView) has been developed to allow access and management of harbor-scale weather.

Port-to-port vessel planning

The Port-to-Port concept is just as complex as it is for an airport. A chain analysis of tasks related to the arrival and departure of a ship gives insight to the stakeholders involved. Factors include the type of ship, cargo and location of berth. The required steps in the process from Port-to-Port can be identified, described and analyzed for improved scheduling.

Fighting dust with technology

Ports and harbors around the world have a growing need for high capacity terminal equipment due to the increased volume of world trade, and larger container ships and barges. Increased competition and infrastructural improvements bring constant need for innovative solutions and more than ever it is of significant importance to base decisions on thorough consideration when it comes to long-term investments in installations and equipment.

How to protect your port’s hidden underwater perimeter

The advanced Kongsberg sonar security system has detected an object moving in a direct line and heading for the harbor basin. A yellow icon on the screen initially defines the object as unidentified. At the same time, powerful computers are working to interpret the signals reflected by the object. The operators watch closely – is there a foreign diver in the harbor, or is it just a harbor seal?

Problem-free mooring: the dock master’s checklist

For this article, Walter Vervloesem decides to look at mooring issues from the port’s point of view. When mooring incidents happen in a port, port operations may be seriously disrupted. Accidents like fatalities, injuries, breakway incidents, damage to quay/wharf, other ships, cranes, pollution and so on will result in time consuming investigations, inquiries (P&I, H&M, PSC, Flagstate, Class, industry vettings, and so on) and will cause delays that might affect access to the port, stevedores’ activities and berthing schedules.

Early Contractor Involvement in infrastructure projects

Early Contractor Involvement (ECI) provides an efficient means of designing and planning infrastructure projects in a cost-effective, more efficient and less adversarial structure. Using ECI with a properly executed contract that reflects a partnering relationship should increase transparency and therefore reduce risk, increase shared responsibility and limit the reasons for litigation.

Recommended minimum safety specifications for quay container cranes

In a concerted effort to reduce injuries and loss of life, as well as to reduce damages and delay to port and terminal operations worldwide, the TT Club, ICHCA International and the Port Equipment Manufacturers Association (PEMA) agreed in 2010 to join forces in creating recommended safety features that should be standard as a minimum on all quay container cranes.

Fire protection to ports and terminals

Fire can become one of the most destructive and unforgiving forces known to man, destroying everything in its path. With this in mind we try to add some perspective on the prevention, detection and extinguishing of fires within ports and terminals as well as vessels. The key areas are those of education first and foremost, closely followed by understanding risks and threats and then the implementation of passive and active fire protection, as well as notification.

Safe vapor handling during loading of volatile organic compounds

Vapor recovery for the loading of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the maritime loading arena is a growing development, having been a requirement in the US and Norway for many years and is now becoming commonplace throughout Europe and other countries throughout the world. There are particular developments now in the Far East and Middle East.

Global container terminal operators forecast: 2012

Since 2003, Drewry Shipping Consultants has published an annual report analyzing the container terminal industry, focusing on key issues and in particular the activities and strategies of global and international container terminal operators. This year’s report has highlighted a number of interesting new developments and trends.



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