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Edition 42

Edition 42 of Port Technology International features a case study of a Chilean LNG import terminal project, staff and equipment planning systems, and new solutions in terminal automation.

Papers in this edition:

Workarounds: just say no!

Marine terminal operators have been searching for accurate Position Detection Systems (PDS) for about a decade and, while several types of solutions have been deployed (RFID/RTLS and DGPS at the top of the list), few, if any, have truly delivered the throughput gains, cost reductions, and process forensics operators expected.

Automation: A Case for the Future

While the demand for designs of container terminals with part automation has increased significantly, some within the industry remain sceptical about the future of full automation. Despite the progress with system designs there is certainly a reluctance to commit to full automation and the use of automated Horizontal Transfer Equipment (HTE) – either AGVs or Automated Shuttle Carriers.

TWIC is in place, however certification of readers may be two years off

More than 1.17 million maritime and transportation industry workers now hold the federally mandated Transportation Workers Identification Credential (TWIC). Just getting underway is the task of certifying one or more electronic readers to verify the given card contains the biometrics of the presenter at the terminal gate.

Security systems technology and the ‘One Trick Pony’ mentality

The imposition and use of increasingly complex security technologies within the commercial port environment is often seen as an expensive additional cost to the core business. Or the common consensus is that security systems are a requirement which have limited functionality and correspondingly have not a great deal to offer in the way of business growth and by implication neither do the people that implement and operate them.

Latest technology in cargo handling attachments

Stevenel, based in Tampere, Finland is an engineering company who have, for the last 10 years, been designing and manufacturing attachments for general cargo for ports and industrial terminals. All of their products include CE-marking, thus, EU-directives are the basis for their engineering. Stevenel design and manufacture attachments solely for general cargo focussing on break bulk cargo.

Leveraging IT for maximum impact – efficiency, innovation and value

Across all industry sectors, IT is now a critical enabler of the modern enterprise. An explosion of new applications promises to allow people and businesses to connect better, adapt faster and do more for less. How can terminal operators ride the technology wave to maximum advantage, both to address today’s issues and support future demands?

A force to be reckoned with: strengthening borders through technology investment

On 1 April 2009 the UK Border Agency became a full executive agency of the Home Office. This follows a successful year as a shadow agency in which we brought together the work of the former Border and Immigration Agency, customs detection work at the border from HM Revenue & Customs and UK visas, to establish a single and strong border force.

TWIC compliance is a piece of cake Adding the next security layer is easy with DAP Technologies’ Gua

It’s one thing to refer to a Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC) compliance implementation as a ‘piece of cake.’ It’s another to say an organisation is getting exactly the tools needed to efficiently and accurately oversee entry to secured areas. Just like no one combination of cake and icing will satisfy every sweet tooth, a one-size-fits-all approach to TWIC compliance doesn’t address the variety of credential types required at different access points.

Using technology to enhance border management

Today, it is recognised that clearance processes by customs and other agencies are among the mos t important and problematic links in the global supply chain. High costs and administrative difficulties associated wi th outda ted and excessively bureaucratic border clearance processes are now cited as more important barriers to trade than tariffs. Inefficient border processing systems, procedures, and infrastructure result in high transaction costs, long delays in the clearance of imports, exports, and transit goods, and present significant opportunities for administrative corruption.

Transferring LNG from ship-to-ship safely and efficiently

Strainstall have been awarded the contract to supply their Quick Release Hooks and Integrated BerthManager System for new Floating Natural Gas Liquefaction Units (LNG Producers), being constructed by Samsung Heavy Industries in Korea for FLEX LNG. These LNGP’s will be the first dedicated offshore liquefaction units used to develop stranded gas fields offshore.

Freeport of Riga: planning a bright future

Following a year of intense work, BMT Transport Solutions (based in Hamburg), has submitted a draft port development plan to the Freeport of Riga (in partnership with their Riga based partner NK Consulting). The major outcome of this plan has been BMT’s development of a model to assess port traffic in relation to overarching trends in the economy.

Fast tracking fuel supply in Chile

Supplying energy needs Chile has a dependence on imported natural gas, which supplies a large proportion of their electricity generation. At present, gas imports are predominantly via pipeline from Argentina. However, in 2004 Argentina decided to reduce its gas exports to Chile, forcing a dependence on more expensive fuel oil to make up the difference whilst an increased hydroelectric capacity is developed. In order to reduce this dependence and diversify its gas supply sources, the Government of Chile decided to build an LNG import terminal at Quintero Bay, about 155 km north west of Santiago. With increasing demand and a growing uncertainty of supply from current sources, there was significant pressure to deliver an operational terminal as quickly as possible.

Clearer outlook with vapour recovery

Increased measures to reduce volatile organic compounds (VOC) emissions during the loading operations for crude oil, both offshore and onshore, are being required by the Norwegian Pollution Control Authority (SFT) and international environmental agreements.

Is Yard Automation Getting Easier?

Introduction ABB, formerly ASEA, has been actively supplying cranes and related equipment for over 100 years and has delivered electrical and automation equipment to more than 1,200 cranes of all types and in all parts of the world.

EU R&D into port technologies

European Research Policy is included in Article 163 of the European Treaty, which describes how Member States will work together in Research and Development. It has been running since 1972 with the COST Programme (European COoperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research) being the first as well as the widest European network for the coordination of nationally funded research activities. In late 1982, the European Commission launched the European Strategic Programme for Information Technology (ESPRIT), upon which the basic structure of the 1st Framework Programme (FP) 1984-1988 was modelled to this day, with the latest being FP7 2007-2013. Port and maritime transport subjects have been present since FP4, both as individual research as well as horizontal issues developed in Environment, Safety, Security, ICT, Space or Socio-economic areas.

Can do attitude for latest ROV control system

In recent years, manufacturers of sensors for Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) have developed increasingly sophisticated systems in ever smaller, lighter packages. This has allowed ROV manufacturers to offer evermore high-tech solutions for port security applications including structural and vessel hull inspection, diver support, surveillance operations, mine countermeasures, and intervention/recovery etc.

Port of Göteborg gets results with new staff and equipment planning system

The complexities in balancing the productivity of a terminal operation, in relation to the level of service required by its customers and the cost efficiencies required to stay competitive, demand a high level of decision support. Borrowing some capability from the airline and rail planning businesses can turn out to be a strong move. And when a global economic slowdown starts to affect volumes of goods being shipped, it becomes all the more important to use this technology to continue to deliver a high quality of service, yet run a terminal in the most efficient way possible.

Solar area lighting: a bright idea for illuminating ports

Port authorities are continually faced with the challenge of balancing environmentally sustainable, economically viable, and socially responsible operations. As environmental protection moves to the forefront of concerns in today’s world, the need to incorporate renewable energy alternatives into daily operations becomes ever more imperative. As one of the most rapidly advancing renewable energy resources in the world, solar technology has gained attention from coast guards, ports, marinas and navies around the world as an attractive alternative that meets real needs, demanding performance requirements and green mandates.

VTMS3000 gains “green” credentials

Modern VTS systems are well proven in their ability to fulfil IMO and IALA requirements. They provide facilities that enable port or coastal authorities to manage vessel traffic efficiently through approach fairways, traffic separation schemes and hazardous areas. But as the world’s attention turns to the issue of climate change and our concern for the environment takes centre stage on the political agenda, we need to ask the question “how does VTS play its part in this environmentally sensitive age?”

Port of Helsinki, Vuosaari Harbour Center: Automatic Gate System

Visy Oy was selected as the gate technology provider for the Port of Helsinki, Vuosaari Harbour project – a massive undertaking which involved moving and combining two commercial port areas from the center of Helsinki to a new, single, location east of the city.

JadeWeserPort: a deepwater container terminal in Wilhelmshaven

The State of Lower Saxony and the Hanseatic City of Bremen joined forces in June 2002 to realise one of the largest infrastructure projects seen in North Germany in the last 50 years: JadeWeserPort at Wilhelmshaven will be Germany’s only deepwater terminal for super-large container ships. Operations are scheduled to start in 2011.

New bulk loaders for Bayóvar (Peru) and Port of Marseille

TAIM WESER, a Spanish company that specialises in latestgeneration bulk handling equipment and solutions, was recently awarded the contract to install conveyor belts and a ship loader for phosphate, with 3,500 t/h capacity, for the Bayóvar Port Terminal in Peru. This project is managed by Brazilian metal giant Vale through its Peruvian subsidiary Miski Mayo.

Fire protection to ports and terminals

Fire can become one of the most destructive and unforgiving forces known to man, destroying everything in its path. With this in mind we try to add some perspective on the prevention, detection and extinguishing of fires within ports and terminals as well as vessels.

Container handling alternatives: the benefits of sidelifters

There has been much discussion about the place in the industry for sidelifters. Why have sidelifters seen huge success and are in extensive use in some regions whilst still not even heard of elsewhere? Apart from the obvious benefits of the sidelifter service to shippers, packing containers safely at ground level, there are also many benefits to be had by container terminal operators.

Calling for more stringent crane ‘tie-down’ procedures

With damaging hurricanes in the Atlantic, typhoons and cyclones in the Pacific, monsoons in the Indian, and random windstorms occuring anywhere, port equipment, premises and liability insurer, TT Club is strongly recommending that terminal operators urgently review their terminal emergency plans for dealing with high winds and in particular crane tie-down procedures.